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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 手卜廿 (QYT), four-corner 50018, composition)

  1. pull, drag
  2. seize, hold
  3. lengthen

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 425, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11946
  • Dae Jaweon: page 773, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1857, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+62C9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /la⁵⁵/
Harbin /la⁴⁴/ ~车
/la²⁴/ ~锯
Tianjin /lɑ²¹/
Jinan /la²¹³/
/la⁴²/ ~呱儿
Qingdao /la⁵⁵/
/la²¹³/ ~屎
Zhengzhou /la²⁴/
Xi'an /la²¹/
Xining /la⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /la⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /la³¹/
Ürümqi /la⁴⁴/
Wuhan /na⁵⁵/
Chengdu /na⁵⁵/
Guiyang /la⁵⁵/
Kunming /la̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /lɑ³¹/
Hefei /la²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /laʔ²/
Pingyao /lɑ¹³/
Hohhot /laʔ⁴³/ ~屎
/la³¹/ ~东西
Wu Shanghai /la⁵³/
Suzhou /lɑ⁵⁵/
/laʔ³/ ~丁
Hangzhou /lɑ³³/
Wenzhou /la³³/
Hui Shexian /la³¹/
Tunxi /la¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /la²⁴/
Xiangtan /nɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /la⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /lɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lai⁵³/
Nanning /lai⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /lai⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lap̚⁵/
/la⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /la⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /la⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lap̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /la⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lʌp̚/ /lăp̚/ /lᴀp̚/ /ləp̚/ /ləp̚/ /lɒp̚/ /lɒp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lop › /*[r]ˤəp/ break

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7866 3 /*ruːb/

Verb[edit]

  1. to drag
  2. to pull
  3. to play (a bowed instrument)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rap, nap) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer rap, nap, Yale lap, nap)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lấp, dập, lắp, lạp, lớp, lợp, loạt, rắp, rập, sắp, sụp, đập, giập, láp, lọp, ráp, xập, xệp)

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