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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
剌-oracle.svg 剌-bronze.svg 剌-silk.svg 剌-bigseal.svg 剌-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木中中弓 (DLLN), four-corner 52900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 140, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2010
  • Dae Jaweon: page 318, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 339, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+524C

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (剌), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 曷
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧達切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑt̚/ /lɑt̚/ /lɑt̚/ /lɑt̚/ /lat̚/ /lɑt̚/ /lɑt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lat › /*mə.rˤat (~ C.rˤat ?)/ wicked; spicy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7593 1 /*raːd/ 金文象刀斷束使離散,束非聲

Definitions[edit]

  1. contradict
  2. slash, cut in two

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. to pull, drag
  2. seize, hold
  3. lengthen

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ral) (hangeul , revised ral, McCune-Reischauer ral)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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