From Middle English stood, stod, from Old English stōd, from Proto-West Germanic *stōd, from Proto-Germanic *stōdą. Cognate with Middle Low German stōt, German Stute, Dutch stoet and Old Norse stóð.
stud (plural studs)
- A male animal, especially a stud horse (stallion), kept for breeding.
- Synonym: sire
- A female animal, especially a studmare (broodmare), kept for breeding.
- (by extension, collective) A group of such animals.
- 1849–1861, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 20, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volume (please specify |volume=I to V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, →OCLC:
- He had the finest stud in England, and his delight was to win plates from Tories.
- 1960 February, R. C. Riley, “The London-Birmingham services - Past, Present and Future”, in Trains Illustrated, page 98:
- At that time, therefore, L.M.S. motive power for the increased loads of the Birmingham trains was less than adequate, whereas the G.W.R. route had an ample stud of Churchward and Collett 4-6-0s, and timekeeping was good.
- An animal (usually livestock) that has been registered and is retained for breeding.
- A place, such as a ranch, where such animals are kept.
- 1673, Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet, An Essay upon the Advancement of Trade in Ireland:
- In the studs of persons of quality in Ireland, where care is taken, […] we see horses bred of excellent shape, vigour, and size.
- (colloquial) A sexually attractive male.
- 1969, Waldo Salt, Midnight Cowboy, spoken by Joe Buck (Jon Voight):
- Well, I'll tell you the truth now. I ain't a for-real cowboy, but I am one hell of a stud!
- 1986, Jim Cash; Jack Epps Jr., Top Gun, spoken by Charlie (Kelly McGillis):
- Maverick, you big stud… Take me to bed or lose me forever.
- 1998, Tim Herlihy, The Wedding Singer, spoken by Robbie Hart (Adam Sandler):
- Wow, Julia! Sounds like to me like you got your pick of any man in this room to dance with so I want you to take your time and find amongst all these young studs here tonight the coolest, most un-losery guy in the bunch
- 1999 December 16, Mark Wolf, “The V-chip has arrived with little fanfare”, in The Coshocton Tribune:
- Those soap-opera studs and studettes sliding between satin sheets in the afternoon?
- (LGBT, slang) A sexually dominant lesbian, chiefly African-American.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
From Old English studu.
stud (plural studs)
- A small object that protrudes from something; an ornamental knob.
- a collar with studs
- c. 1587, Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love:
- A belt of straw and ivy buds, / With coral clasps and amber studs.
- 1671, John Milton, “(please specify the page)”, in Paradise Regain’d. A Poem. In IV Books. To which is Added, Samson Agonistes, London: […] J. M[acock] for John Starkey […], →OCLC:
- Crystal and myrrhine cups, embossed with gems / And studs of pearl.
- (jewelry) A style of earring where the decorative element is mounted on a straight post.
- She's wearing studs in her ears.
- (construction) A vertical post, especially one of the small uprights in the framing for lath and plaster partitions, and furring, and upon which the laths are nailed.
- (obsolete) A stem; a trunk.
- 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], “Marche. Aegloga Tertius.”, in The Shepheardes Calender: […], London: […] Hugh Singleton, […], →OCLC; republished as The Shepheardes Calender […], London: […] Iohn Wolfe for Iohn Harrison the yonger, […], 1586, →OCLC:
- Seest not this same hawthorn stud?
- (poker) A type of poker where an individual cannot throw cards away and some of her cards are exposed.
- Synonym: stud poker
- 1969, Shel Silverstein (lyrics and music), “A Boy Named Sue”, performed by Johnny Cash:
- At an old saloon on a street of mud / There at a table, dealing stud / Sat the dirty, mangy dog that named me "Sue"
- (engineering) A short rod or pin, fixed in and projecting from something, and sometimes forming a journal.
- (engineering) A stud bolt.
- An iron brace across the shorter diameter of the link of a chain cable.
stud (third-person singular simple present studs, present participle studding, simple past and past participle studded)
- To set with studs; to furnish with studs.
- To be scattered over the surface of (something) at intervals.
- 2012, Antony Cooke, Dark Nebulae, Dark Lanes, and Dust Belts, page 82:
- [S]eemingly countless young hot stars stud the entire huge central region[.]
- To set (something) over a surface at intervals.
- 2010, Rose Levy Beranbaum, Rose's Heavenly Cakes:
- Stud the cake all over with chocolate chips, pointed ends in.
- 2016, Mary Price; Vincent Price, Mary and Vincent Price's Come Into the Kitchen Cook Book, page 70:
- Stud the onion with cloves and add to the pan.
stud (plural studs)
- Clipping of student.
- Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967
- “stud”, in Collins English Dictionary.
- “stud”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
- “stud”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
- “stud” in the Cambridge English Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Inherited from Old Czech stud, from Proto-Slavic *studъ (“cold, shame”) .
stud m inan
- shame (uncomfortable or painful feeling)
- stud in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- stud in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
- stud in Internetová jazyková příručka
From Old Norse stútr, from or related to Proto-Germanic *stautōną (“to push”).
stud c (singular definite studen, plural indefinite stude)
- “stud” in Den Danske Ordbog
stud m (plural studs, diminutive studje n)
- colloquial (in the Netherlands) abbreviation of student
- M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]
stud m (plural studs)
- stud where stallions and mares are bred to improve the equine race
- assembly of horses for sale or racing
- Nouveau Petit Larousse illustré. Dictionnaire encyclopédique. Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1952, 146th edition
- Alternative form of stede (“place”)
- Alternative form of stod (“stud”)
From Proto-Slavic *studъ.
stȗd f (Cyrillic spelling сту̑д)
- (expressively) cold
- English terms inherited from Middle English
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