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See also: African American
- (of a person) American and black.
- Synonym: Afro-American
- (US, nonstandard, proscribed, of a person) Of black-African descent.
- Of or pertaining to the culture of African-American people.
- In the US, this term is often seen as a more formal and polite alternative to black.
- Aside from black and of color, most other synonyms are dated, and likely to be considered offensive in the US.
- This term is not used (except jocularly) for Americans of North African descent whose skin is not black, such as Berbers or Egyptians, nor is it used for white South Africans. It is specifically used to refer to the group of people who have descended from the trans-Atlantic slave trade and have resided in the United States for centuries as well as other Americans with African heritage but is sometimes used to refer to Afro-Caribbeans, more recent African immigrants, or erroneously to any black person, even if not American.
American and black
- A black American.
- (US, nonstandard, proscribed) Any black person.
- See the notes about the adjective, above.
A black American
- African Americans on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- “African-American”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
- “African-American”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary, (Please provide a date or year).
- “African-American”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN
- ^ Isabel Wilkerson (January 31, 1989) , “‘African-American’ Favored By Many of America's Blacks”, in The New York Times, page A1: “A movement led by the Rev. Jesse Jackson to call blacks African-Americans has met with both rousing approval and deep-seated skepticism in a debate that is coming to symbolize the role and history of blacks in this country.”
- ^ African-American at Google Ngram Viewer