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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (foot” or “to stop) +  (spear)

From the characters and . The character 戈 means spear. The character 止 means “to stop” in some times; thus, "武" is sometimes believed to denote “to stop a weapon” or “to stop violence” (止戈为武). This definition is mentioned in the Chinese history book Spring and Autumn Annals, written in 481 BC and the 1985 film No Retreat, No Surrender. But, due to it also containing the meaning “foot” in Oracle script, according to the Japanese dictionary Kanjigen (漢字源), another point is that the character 武 may therefore have originally referred to “a man on foot with a spear”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 77 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一心卜中一 (MPYLM), four-corner 13140)

  1. military
  2. martial, warlike
  3. used as a surname

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 575, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16273
  • Dae Jaweon: page 965, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1439, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6B66

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (武), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 文甫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨoX/ /mi̯uX/ /mioX/ /mioX/ /muə̆X/ /mĭuX/ /mioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mjuX › /*m(r)aʔ/ military

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13184 0 /*maʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjuX, military).

The goon reading of mu, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji mu)

  1. military, martial
Usage notes[edit]

Only found in compounds. Not as common as the bu reading.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjuX, military).

The kan'on reading of bu, so likely a re-borrowing at a later stage of Middle Chinese, or from a dialectal variation in Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. courage, ferocity, valor
  2. military power, force of arms
  3. the act of carrying out military force: a battle, a war
  4. the way of carrying out military force: strategy, tactics, martial arts
  5. a military person: an officer, a soldier
  6. (obsolete) a unit of length, equivalent to half of a (bu, six (shaku), roughly six feet or 1.8 meters), roughly equivalent to one yard or 90 centimeters
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Ateji used in various names.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.