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See also: and
U+6226, 戦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6226

[U+6225]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6227]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Japanese shinjitai, simplified from ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 62, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火十戈 (FJI), four-corner 93450, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 413, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 756, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 2, page 1409, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6226

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to fight; war; battle; fight; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. war, battle
  2. match

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いくさ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE) with the original sense of "soldier".

Considered to derive from a compound, possibly either (ancient ikupa, modern rendering ikuha, target) + (sa, arrow), or いくふ (ancient ikupu, modern rendering ikuu, to shoot (an arrow)) + (sa, arrow). Notably, the iku in both proposed etyma appear to be cognate.[1]

The "archery" sense came later in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE), then was extended to mean "an exchange of arrows" → "a battle".

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana いくさ, rōmaji ikusa)

  1. (archaic) a battle or war
    Synonyms: 合戦 (gassen), 攻戦 (kōsen), 戦争 (sensō), 戦い (tatakai)
  2. (archaic) a soldier or warrior
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 6, poem 972), text here
       () (よろづ) () (いくさ) () () (とも)言擧 (ことあげ) () () (とり) ()可来 (きぬべき) (をのこ) () () (おもふ) [Man'yōgana]
       () (よろづ) (いくさ)なりとも (こと) ()げせず ()りて ()ぬべき (をのこ)とぞ (おも) [Modern spelling]
      chiyorozu no ikusa nari to mo kotoage sezu torite kinu beki onoko to zo omou
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Synonyms: 軍勢 (gunzei), 兵士 (heishi), 兵隊 (heitai)
  3. archery
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (chapter 30)
      [...]  () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      [...]  (いくさ) (なら) () (きづ)かしむ。 [Modern spelling]
      ...ikusa narau-to o kizukashimu.
      ...an archery range has been built.
    Synonyms: 弓術 (kyūjutsu), (sha), 射芸 (shagei), 射術 (shajutsu)
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiᴇnH).

Suffix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana せん, rōmaji -sen)

  1. match, competition (in sports, etc.)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  4. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.