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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
垔-oracle.svg 垔-bronze.svg 垔-bigseal.svg 垔-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一田土 (MWG) or X一田土 (XMWG), four-corner 10104, composition/西土(depending on font))

  1. to restrain
  2. to dam a stream and change its direction
  3. a mound

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 228, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5041
  • Dae Jaweon: page 463, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 438, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5794

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔin/
Li
Rong
/ʔiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q]i[n]/
English dam up, block; mound

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15201
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qin/
Notes 西

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to restrain
  2. to dam a stream and change its direction
  3. mound

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(in) (hangeul , revised in, McCune-Reischauer in, Yale in)

  1. stop up, close, block
  2. bury, get buried
  3. ladder