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U+80A9, 肩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80A9

[U+80A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80AA]

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Etymology[edit]

The form differs between traditional Chinese, simplified Chinese, and Japanese shinjitai, as depicted at right. These are represented by the same Unicode code point; see Han unification.

  • Traditional Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + ; the body's gate.
  • Simplified Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .
  • Japanese: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸月 (HSB) or 戈尸月 (ISB), four-corner 30227, composition ⿸戶 or ⿸月 or ⿸月)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 975, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1426, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2052, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80A9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
肩-bronze.svg 肩-bigseal.svg 肩-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰreːn
ɡren*
keːn
keːn
keːn
keːn

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kian - literary;
  • kuiⁿ/keng/kan - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/
Wang
Li
/kien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ken ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤe[n]/
English shoulder (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6023
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*keːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. shoulders
  2. to shoulder
  3. to bear

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shoulder

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
かた
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
  on Japanese Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かた, rōmaji kata)

  1. a shoulder
    • 2013 April 7, ONE; Murata, Yusuke, “げき さいがいそんざい [3rd Hit: Existential Crisis]”, in ONEPUNCH-MAN【ワンパンマン】 [ONE-PUNCH MAN], volume 1 (fiction, in Japanese), 6th edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870701-3, page 53:
       (かた) (かた)に  (かた) ()ってる (やつ) (ころ)せ‼
      Kata! Kata ni Kata ni notteru yatsu o korose‼
      Shoulder! Your shoulder! Kill the bastard on your shoulder‼

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeon) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.