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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

The form differs between traditional Chinese, simplified Chinese, and Japanese shinjitai, as depicted at right. These are represented by the same Unicode code point; see Han unification.

  • Traditional Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + ; the body's gate.
  • Simplified Han: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .
  • Japanese: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸月 (HSB) or 戈尸月 (ISB), four-corner 30227, composition ⿸戶 or ⿸月 or ⿸月)

  1. shoulders
  2. to shoulder
  3. to bear

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 975, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1426, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2052, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80A9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
肩-bronze.svg 肩-bigseal.svg 肩-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ken/
Pan
Wuyun
/ken/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɛn/
Li
Rong
/ken/
Wang
Li
/kien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ ken ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤe[n]/
English shoulder (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6023
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*keːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. shoulder

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
かた
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かた, romaji kata)

  1. a shoulder

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeon) (hangeul , revised gyeon, McCune-Reischauer kyŏn, Yale kyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.