歷史

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See also: 历史 and 歴史

Chinese[edit]

 
to experience; to undergo; to pass through; all; each; every; calendar
history
trad. (歷史)
simp. (历史)

Etymology[edit]

“Historical records; history” [at least 5th CE].

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (37) (21)
Final () (127) (19)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lek̚/ /ʃɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lek̚/ /ʃɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛk̚/ /ʃieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjk̚/ /ʂɨX/
Li
Rong
/lek̚/ /ʃiəX/
Wang
Li
/liek̚/ /ʃĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liek̚/ /ʂiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǐ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ lek › ‹ sriX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤek/ /*s-rəʔ/
English pass by; in turn scribe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7980 11487
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːɡ/ /*srɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

歷史

  1. (countable, uncountable) history (Classifier: )
    歷史 / 历史  ―  lìshǐ gǎn  ―  sense of history
    歷史觀點 / 历史观点  ―  lìshǐ guāndiǎn  ―  view of history
    縱觀歷史 / 纵观历史  ―  zòngguān lìshǐ  ―  throughout history
    古代歷史 / 古代历史  ―  gǔdài lìshǐ  ―  ancient history
    歷史故事 / 历史故事  ―  lìshǐ gùshì  ―  stories from history
    歷史勝利者書寫 [MSC, trad.]
    历史胜利者书写 [MSC, simp.]
    Lìshǐ shì yóu shènglìzhě shūxiě de. [Pinyin]
    History is written by the victors.

Usage notes[edit]

Just like in English, the Chinese term 歷史历史 can refer to history as in the study of past events, as well as the past considered as a whole, or connected with a particular person or thing.

Adjective[edit]

歷史

  1. (attributive) historical
    歷史文獻 / 历史文献  ―  lìshǐ wénxiàn  ―  historical document
    歷史事件 / 历史事件  ―  lìshǐ shìjiàn  ―  historical event
    歷史人物 / 历史人物  ―  lìshǐ rénwù  ―  historical figure
    是否歷史事實近代頗有爭議 [MSC, trad.]
    是否历史事实近代颇有争议 [MSC, simp.]
    Cǐ shuō shìfǒu wéi lìshǐ shìshí, jìndài pōyǒu zhēngyì. [Pinyin]
    Whether this theory is historical fact has been a source of considerable contention in recent times.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (歷史):

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

歷史 (yeoksa) (hangeul 역사)

  1. Hanja form? of 역사, “history”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

歷史

  1. Hán tự form of lịch sử, “history