歷史

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See also: 历史 and 歴史

Chinese[edit]

 
to experience; to undergo; to pass through; all; each; every; calendar
history
trad. (歷史)
simp. (历史)

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (127)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lek̚/ /lek̚/ /lɛk̚/ /lɛjk̚/ /lek̚/ /liek̚/ /liek̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (21)
Final: (19)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʃɨX/ /ʃɨX/ /ʃieX/ /ʂɨX/ /ʃiəX/ /ʃĭəX/ /ʂiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lek › /*[r]ˤek/ pass by; in turn
shǐ ‹ sriX › /*s-rəʔ/ scribe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7980 0 /*reːɡ/
11487 0 /*srɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

歷史

  1. (countable, uncountable) history   (Classifier: )
    歷史 / 历史  ―  lìshǐ gǎn  ―  sense of history
    歷史觀點 / 历史观点  ―  lìshǐ guāndiǎn  ―  view of history
    縱觀歷史 / 纵观历史  ―  zòngguān lìshǐ  ―  throughout history
    古代歷史 / 古代历史  ―  gǔdài lìshǐ  ―  ancient history
    歷史勝利者書寫 / 历史胜利者书写  ―  Lìshǐ shì yóu shènglìzhě shūxiě de.  ―  History is written by the victors.

Usage notes[edit]

Just like in English, the Chinese term 歷史历史 can refer to history as in the study of past events, as well as the past considered as a whole, or connected with a particular person or thing.

Adjective[edit]

歷史

  1. (attributive) historical
    歷史文獻 / 历史文献  ―  lìshǐ wénxiàn  ―  historical document
    歷史事件 / 历史事件  ―  lìshǐ shìjiàn  ―  historical event

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (歷史):

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

歷史 ‎(yeoksa) ‎(hangeul 역사)

  1. Hanja form? of 역사, “history”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

歷史

  1. Hán tự form of lịch sử, "history"