歷史

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See also: 历史 and 歴史

Chinese[edit]

 
to experience; to undergo; to pass through; all; each; every; calendar
history
trad. (歷史)
simp. (历史)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Character (歷), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 錫
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 郎擊切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lek̚/ /liek̚/ /lek̚/ /lek̚/ /lɛjk̚/ /liek̚/ /lɛk̚/
Character (史), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 踈士切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨX/ /ʂiX/ /ʃiəX/ /ʃɨX/ /ʂɨX/ /ʃĭəX/ /ʃieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (歷史, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lek › /*[r]ˤek/ pass by; in turn
shǐ ‹ sriX › /*s-rəʔ/ scribe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7980 0 /*reːɡ/
11487 0 /*srɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

歷史

  1. history
    歷史 / 历史  ―  lìshǐ gǎn  ―  a sense of history

Usage notes[edit]

Just like in English, the Chinese term 歷史历史 (lìshǐ) can refer to history as in the study of past events, as well as the past considered as a whole, or connected with a particular person or thing.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (歷史):


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

歷史 (yeoksa) (hangeul 역사)

  1. Hanja form? of 역사, “history”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

歷史

  1. Hán tự form of lịch sử, "history"