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U+6CD5, 法
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CD5

[U+6CD4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CD6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
法-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水土戈 (EGI), four-corner 34131, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 616, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1010, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1579, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6CD5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pqab
*pqab

Simplified from earlier , which was originally used to represent (OC *pads, “to cast aside; to abrogate”). (OC *kʰaʔ, *kʰas) in this character is probably ideogrammatic, not phonetic.

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Tibetan བབས(babs, shape, form, appearance), དབྱིབས(dbyibs, shape, form, figure). Possibly cognate with (OC *bom, “all, general, every; pattern, general rule”); see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • fǎ - normal pronunciation;
  • fā - used in some colloquial words (e.g. 法兒 (“method”) in 法兒 and 法兒);
  • fá - used in 法子 (“method”) and 法兒 (“method”);
  • fà - common Taiwan variant in 法國 (“France”).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fa²¹⁴/
/fa⁵¹/
Harbin /fa²¹³/
Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/ ~子
/fɑ¹³/ 方~,~國
Jinan /fa²¹³/
Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
Xi'an /fa²¹/
Xining /fa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fa¹³/
Lanzhou /fa¹³/
Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
Wuhan /fa²¹³/
Chengdu /fa³¹/
Guiyang /fa²¹/
Kunming /fa̠³¹/
Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fap̚¹/
Taoyuan /fɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
Nanning /fat̚³³/
Hong Kong /fat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (148)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨɐp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/piɐp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puap̚/
Li
Rong
/piɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭwɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯wɐp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fa
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjop ›
Old
Chinese
/*[p.k]ap/
English model, law

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2867
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pqab/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. law; rule; regulation; statute
  2. norm; standard; model; example
  3. method; way; solution
  4. (Buddhism) dharma; principle of the universe; teachings of Buddha
  5. Buddhist; relating to Buddhism
  6. to imitate; to emulate
  7. Short for 法國 (“France; French”).
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

  • → Proto-Tai
    • Lao: ແບບ(bǣp, form; model, standard, example; method; style, manner; brand, type)
    • Thai: แบบ(bɛ̀ɛp, kind; design, pattern; style; type; model)
    • → Khmer: បែប(bêb, kind, sort, model, type; style, form, shape; aspect; method, way, situation, condition)
    • → Vietnamese: phép(rule, custom, usage, method; permission, authorisation; magical power)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. method
  2. law
  3. rule
  4. principle
  5. model
  6. system

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Middle Chinese

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほう, romaji , historical hiragana はふ)

  1. principle
  2. law
  3. code of law
  4. method
  5. etiquette
  6. (Buddhism) dharma
  7. (grammar) mood
  8. (mathematics) divisor
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
のり
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana のり, romaji nori)

  1. law

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふらん
Grade: 4
Irregular

From French franc.[1][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(katakana フラン, romaji furan)

  1. Alternative spelling of フラン

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(beop) (hangeul , revised beop, McCune-Reischauer pŏp, Yale pep)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(pháp, phấp, phép, phăm, phắp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.