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See also: 𝌭
U+6CD5, 法
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CD5

[U+6CD4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CD6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
法-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水土戈 (EGI), four-corner 34131, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 616, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17290
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1010, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1579, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6CD5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

𢌇

𣳴

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pqab
*pqab

Simplified from earlier , which was originally used to represent (OC *pads, “to cast aside; to abrogate”).

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Tibetan བབས (babs, shape, form, appearance), དབྱིབས (dbyibs, shape, form, figure). Possibly cognate with (OC *bom, “all, general, every; pattern, general rule”); see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • fǎ - normal pronunciation;
  • fā - used in some colloquial words (e.g. 法兒 (“method”) in 法兒 and 法兒);
  • fá - used in 法子 (“method”) and 法兒 (“method”);
  • fà - common Taiwan variant in 法國 (“France”).
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fa²¹⁴/
    /fa⁵¹/
    Harbin /fa²¹³/
    Tianjin /fɑ⁴⁵/ ~子
    /fɑ¹³/ 方~,~國
    Jinan /fa²¹³/
    Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
    Xi'an /fa²¹/
    Xining /fa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /fa¹³/
    Lanzhou /fa¹³/
    Ürümqi /fa⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fa²¹³/
    Chengdu /fa³¹/
    Guiyang /fa²¹/
    Kunming /fa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /fap̚¹/
    Taoyuan /fɑp̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
    Nanning /fat̚³³/
    Hong Kong /fat̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xua²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (148)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨɐp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /piɐp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piɐp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puap̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piɐp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭwɐp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯wɐp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fa
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjop ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[p.k]ap/
    English model, law

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2867
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pqab/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. law; rule; regulation; statute
    2. norm; standard; model; example
    3. method; way; solution
    4. (Buddhism) dharma; principle of the universe; teachings of Buddha
      時期 / 时期  ―  shíqī  ―  Dharma-ending age
    5. Buddhist; relating to Buddhism
    6. to imitate; to emulate
    7. 40th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "law"
    8. Short for 法國 (“France; French”).
    9. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (ほう) ()
    • Korean: (, beop)
    • Vietnamese: pháp ()

    Others:

    • → Proto-Tai
      • Lao: ແບບ (bǣp, form; model, standard, example; method; style, manner; brand, type)
      • Thai: แบบ (bɛ̀ɛp, kind; design, pattern; style; type; model)
      • → Khmer: បែប (baep, kind, sort, model, type; style, form, shape; aspect; method, way, situation, condition)
      • → Vietnamese: phép (rule, custom, usage, method; permission, authorisation; magical power)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. method
    2. law, rule
    3. principle
    4. model
    5. system

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ほう
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    Middle Chinese

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ほう, rōmaji , historical hiragana はふ)

    1. principle
    2. law
    3. code of law
    4. method
    5. etiquette
    6. (Buddhism) dharma
    7. (grammar) mood
    8. (mathematics) divisor
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    のり
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana のり, rōmaji nori)

    1. law
    2. measure, size
       (うち) (のり)
      uchi nori
      inner size
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふらん
    Grade: 4
    Irregular

    From French franc.[1][3]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (katakana フラン, rōmaji furan)

    1. Alternative spelling of フラン

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (beop) (hangeul , revised beop, McCune–Reischauer pŏp, Yale pep)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (pháp, phấp, phép, phăm, phắp)

    1. law
    2. method
    3. France, French