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U+9119, 鄙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9119

[U+9118]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+911A]

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that the component in this character is written 口十回 (China, Vietnam), 口亠回 (Hong Kong, Taiwan), 口丄回 (Japan, Korea). The Kangxi dictionary form of this character resembles the form used in Japan and Korea, as the component is written similar to but with a shorter upward stroke in the Kangxi dictionary.

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 口田弓中 (RWNL), four-corner 67627)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1276, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39597
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1776, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3792, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9119

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯʔ
*prɯʔ, *daː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *prɯʔ): phonetic  (OC *prɯʔ, *daː) +  .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi²¹⁴/
Harbin /pi⁵³/
Tianjin /pi¹³/
Jinan /pi²¹/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰi⁵³/
Xining /pʰji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pi⁵³/
/pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi⁴⁴²/
/pʰi⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰi⁴²/
Chengdu /pʰi⁵³/
Guiyang /pʰi⁴²/
Kunming /pʰi⁵³/
Nanjing /pi²¹²/
Hefei /pz̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /pi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pʰi⁵³/
Hohhot /pi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /pi³⁵/
Suzhou /pi⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /pi⁵³/
Wenzhou /pei⁴²/
Hui Shexian /pʰi³⁵/
Tunxi /pʰi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰi⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pʰi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰi³¹/
Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰei³⁵/
Nanning /pʰi³⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰei³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²¹/
/pʰi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjiX/
Li
Rong
/pjiX/
Wang
Li
/piX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*prəʔ/
English border town

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 550
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. countrified
  2. mean; ignoble
  3. to despise; to hold in contempt

Synonyms[edit]

  • (despise): (miè), (miǎo)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (despise): (jìng), (zūn), (chóng)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
とひと
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Originally a compound of (to, outside) +‎ (hito, person). The kanji used is an example of jukujikun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とひと, romaji tohito)

  1. (archaic, pejorative) a countrified or rustic person: a hick, a bumpkin

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bỉ, bẽ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.