現在

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See also: 现在

Chinese[edit]

 
appear; present; now
appear; present; now; existing; current
 
(located) at; in; exist
(located) at; in; exist; (before verbs) immediately involved in; right in the middle of doing
trad. (現在)
simp. (现在)
alternative forms 見在见在 archaic

Etymology[edit]

Originally a Buddhist calque of Sanskrit प्रत्युत्पन्न (pratyutpanna, existing at the present moment).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hing7 zai6 - Chaozhou;
  • hêng7 zai6 - Jieyang;
  • hiang7 zai6 - Chaoyang, Puning, Huilai.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (33) (15) (15)
    Final () (85) (41) (41)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () IV I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦenH/ /d͡zʌiX/ /d͡zʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦenH/ /d͡zəiX/ /d͡zəiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɛnH/ /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɛnH/ /d͡zəjX/ /d͡zəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣenH/ /d͡zᴀiX/ /d͡zᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣienH/ /d͡zɒiX/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣienH/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iX/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiàn zài zài

    Noun[edit]

    現在

    1. now; the present time; the present moment; the current time
      珍惜現在 / 珍惜现在  ―  zhēnxī xiànzài  ―  to cherish the present
      現在 / 现在  ―  xiànzài hái zǎo  ―  It's still early.
      現在情況 / 现在情况  ―  xiànzài de qíngkuàng  ―  the current situation
      現在幾點 / 现在几点  ―  Xiànzài jǐdiǎn le?  ―  What time is it at the moment?
      現在哪裡 / 现在哪里  ―  xiànzài zài nǎlǐ?  ―  Where are you now?
      倒計時現在開始 / 倒计时现在开始  ―  Dàojìshí xiànzài kāishǐ!  ―  The countdown starts now!
      現在沒有辦法工作 [MSC, trad.]
      现在没有办法工作 [MSC, simp.]
      xiànzài méiyǒu bànfǎ gōngzuò. [Pinyin]
      There's no way I can work now.
      原來認為現在辦到 [MSC, trad.]
      原来认为现在办到 [MSC, simp.]
      Yuánlái rènwéi bàn bù dào de shì, xiànzài bàndào le. [Pinyin]
      What was thought impossible has now been done.
      火車現在來得及 [MSC, trad.]
      火车现在来得及 [MSC, simp.]
      Huǒchē sān diǎn kāi, nǐ xiànzài qù hái láidejí. [Pinyin]
      The train leaves at three. You can still make it if you go now.
    2. (literary) this life; this world

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (now):

    Derived terms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    現在

    1. (literary) to remain; to still exist
    2. (literary) to be alive
    3. (formal) to be currently at; to be currently in

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to remain):
    edit

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    げん
    Grade: 5
    ざい
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    現在(げんざい) (genzai

    1. the present, now

    Adverb[edit]

    現在(げんざい) (genzai

    1. now, at present

    Synonyms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    現在 (hyeonjae) (hangeul 현재)

    1. Hanja form? of 현재 (the present time).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán tự in this term

    Noun[edit]

    現在

    1. Hán tự form of hiện tại (the present).