火車

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See also: 火车

Chinese[edit]

 
fire; angry; fierce; fiery; thriving
 
vehicle on land; car; machine; to shape with a lathe
trad. (火車)
simp. (火车)
Literally: “fire vehicle”.

Etymology[edit]

“train”
In reference to the steam engines that early trains had.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (32) (24)
Final () (95) (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huɑX/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Pan
Wuyun
/huɑX/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑX/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaX/ /cʰia/
Li
Rong
/xuɑX/ /t͡ɕʰia/
Wang
Li
/xuɑX/ /t͡ɕʰĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuɑX/ /t͡ɕʰi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huǒ chē
Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
Particularly: “Min Bei pronuniciation is missing”

Noun[edit]

火車

  1. train (Classifier: m;  c;  m;  m c;  m)
    Hypernym: 交通工具 (jiāotōng gōngjù)
    火車上海 / 火车上海  ―  Wǒ zuò huǒchē qù Shànghǎi.  ―  I am going to Shanghai by train.
    火車現在來得及 [MSC, trad.]
    火车现在来得及 [MSC, simp.]
    Huǒchē sān diǎn kāi, nǐ xiànzài qù hái láidejí. [Pinyin]
    The train leaves at three. You can still make it if you go now.
  2. (historical) combat chariot carrying equipment for attack by fire
  3. (Buddhism) fiery chariot that sends a sinner to hell

Usage notes[edit]

  • 火車/火车 refers to the train itself and to the mode of transportation. So it is used in terms related to the railway. 列車列车 (lièchē) is sometimes used instead to follow technology development as trains are not steam powered anymore. But it only refers to the train itself and can't replace 火車/火车 in the previous term.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (火車):
  • Vietnamese: hỏa xa (火車)

Others:

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

火車

  1. (Hong Kong, colloquial) East Rail line

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
しゃ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

/kua t͡ɕia//kʷaɕʲa//kaɕa/

From Middle Chinese compound 火車 (MC huɑX t͡ɕʰia).

The "steam locomotive" sense is a borrowing from Mandarin 火車 (huǒchē).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Buddhist sense is a translation of Sanskrit [Term?] or an original Chinese Buddhist concept?”

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

火車(かしゃ) (kasha (historical kana くわしや)

  1. (Buddhism) a fiery chariot that brings sinners to hell; by extension, a form of torture using this vehicle
    Synonym: 火の車 (hi no kuruma)
  2. a burning fire in the shape of a wheel
  3. Short for 火車婆 (kasha-baba): a powerful, evil old hag
  4. (folklore) a yōkai that steals the corpses of those who have died as a result of accumulating evil deeds
  5. a steam locomotive; by extension, a train
    Synonym: 汽車 (kisha)
  6. Alternative spelling of 花車 (kasha): a woman who manages and supervises prostitutes

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

火車 (hwacha) (hangeul 화차)

  1. Hanja form? of 화차 (hwacha).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

火車

  1. Hán tự form of hỏa xa (train).