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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
比-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

比-oracle.svg 比-bronze.svg 比-bigseal.svg 比-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (man) + , "to juxtapose".

Also Simplified from as in (from ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 81 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心心 (PP), four-corner 21710)

  1. to compare, liken
  2. comparison
  3. than
  4. eighth hexagram of the I Ching
  5. Belgium

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 590, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 982, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1415, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6BD4

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (比), Pronunciation 1/5

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 房脂切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biɪ/ /bʱi/ /bi/ /bi/ /bi/ /bi/ /bjɪ/
Character (比), Pronunciation 2/5

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 卑履切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪX/ /piX/ /piX/ /piX/ /piX/ /piX/ /pjɪX/
Character (比), Pronunciation 3/5

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 毗至切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biɪH/ /bʱiH/ /biH/ /biH/ /biH/ /biH/ /bjɪH/
Character (比), Pronunciation 4/5

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 必至切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/piɪH/ /piH/ /piH/ /piH/ /piH/ /piH/ /pjɪH/
Character (比), Pronunciation 5/5

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 毗必切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biɪt̚/ /bʱi̯ĕt̚/ /biĕt̚/ /bit̚/ /bit̚/ /bĭĕt̚/ /bjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pjijX › /*C.pijʔ/ compare
‹ pjijH › /*pij-s/ combine; all

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
511 2 /*piʔ/
521 2 /*pis/
531 2 𣬈 /*bi/
542 2 /*bis/
547 2 /*biɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
    耶和華咒詛一切牲畜野獸肚子行走終身 [MSC, trad.]
    耶和华咒诅一切牲畜野兽肚子行走终身 [MSC, simp.]
    Yēhéhuá shén duì shé shuō, nǐ jì zuò le zhè shì, jiù bì shòu zhòuzǔ, bǐ yīqiè de shēngchù yĕshòu gèng shén. Nǐ bì yòng dùzi xíng zǒu, zhōngshēn chī tǔ. [Pinyin]
    And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. comparison, match, equal
  2. ratio

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bỉ, tỉ, tị, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.