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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
比-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
比-oracle.svg 比-bronze.svg 比-silk.svg 比-bigseal.svg 比-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(man) + , "to juxtapose".

Also Simplified from as in (from ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 81 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心心 (PP), four-corner 21710)

  1. to compare, liken
  2. comparison
  3. than
  4. eighth hexagram of the I Ching
  5. Belgium

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 590, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16743
  • Dae Jaweon: page 982, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1415, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6BD4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi²¹⁴/
Harbin /pi²¹³/
/pʰi²¹³/
Tianjin /pi¹³/
Jinan /pi⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi⁵³/
Xi'an /pi⁵³/
Xining /pji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pi⁵³/
Lanzhou /pi⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pi⁴²/
Chengdu /pi⁵³/
Guiyang /pi⁴²/
Kunming /pi⁵³/
Nanjing /pi²¹²/
Hefei /pz̩²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /pi⁵³/
Pingyao /pi⁵³/
Hohhot /pi⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pi³⁵/
Suzhou /pi⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pi⁵³/
Wenzhou /pei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pi³⁵/
Tunxi /pi³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pi⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pi²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pi³¹/
Taoyuan /pi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei³⁵/
Nanning /pi³⁵/
Hong Kong /pei³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pi⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbi²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/5 2/5 3/5 4/5 5/5
Initial () (3) (1) (3) (1) (3)
Final () (15) (15) (15) (15) (48)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open Open
Division () III III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biɪ/ /piɪX/ /biɪH/ /piɪH/ /biɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bi/ /piX/ /biH/ /piH/ /bit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjɪ/ /pjɪX/ /bjɪH/ /pjɪH/ /bjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bi/ /piX/ /biH/ /piH/ /bit̚/
Li
Rong
/bi/ /piX/ /biH/ /piH/ /biĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/bi/ /piX/ /biH/ /piH/ /bĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi/ /piX/ /bʱiH/ /piH/ /bʱi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjijX › ‹ pjijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.pijʔ/ /*pij-s/
English compare combine; all

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/5 2/5 3/5 4/5 5/5
No. 511 521 531 542 547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𣬈
Old
Chinese
/*piʔ/ /*pis/ /*bi/ /*bis/ /*biɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. -er compared to
      ―  wǒ gāo.  ―  She is taller than me.
    耶和華咒詛一切牲畜野獸肚子行走終身 [MSC, trad.]
    耶和华咒诅一切牲畜野兽肚子行走终身 [MSC, simp.]
    Yēhéhuá shén duì shé shuō, nǐ jì zuò le zhè shì, jiù bì shòu zhòuzǔ, bǐ yīqiè de shēngchù yĕshòu gèng shén. Nǐ bì yòng dùzi xíng zǒu, zhōngshēn chī tǔ. [Pinyin]
    And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.
  2. ratio

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. comparison, match, equal
  2. ratio
  3. the Philippines

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tỉ, tị, , bỉ)

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