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See also:
U+54B1, 咱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B1

[U+54B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口竹月山 (RHBU), four-corner 66000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 187, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 618, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54B1

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

trad. //
simp.
alternative forms 𠴰

Fusion of 自家 (MC d͡ziɪH kˠa, “self”) [Song] > Modern Mandarin (Lü, 1984). Fusion with (men) produces the form with a nasal coda [Yuan], e.g. Modern Mandarin zán (Norman, 1988).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zán - “I (dialectal); we; particle”;
  • zá - “I (literary)”.
  • Cantonese
  • Note: zaa2, ze1 - rare.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or dialectal) I; me
    2. (inclusive) we; us
    3. (literary) A particle used after personal pronouns.
    Synonyms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Standard Mandarin Chinese personal pronouns
    Person Singular Plural
    1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
    inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
    2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
    deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
    polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    您們您们 (nínmen)
    3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
    female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
    deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
    animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
    inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Fusion of 早晚 (zǎowǎn).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (dialectal, in compounds) time
      /   ―  zhèzan  ―  now

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    From (lâng, “person; I, me”) + elision of . Compare (gún, goán, “we, us (exclusive)”), (lín, “you (plural)”), 𪜶 (in, “they, them”).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    (Min Nan)

    1. (inclusive) we; us
    2. (polite) you
    3. (inclusive) our
    Synonyms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Sentence-final modal particle for the imperative mood, similar to (ba).
    2. Sentence-final modal particle for the declarative mood.

    Etymology 5[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “how”).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chal, cha) (hangeul , , revised chal, cha, McCune–Reischauer ch'al, ch'a)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cha, ta)

    1. Hán tự form of ta (I; me; we; us).