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U+54B1, 咱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B1

[U+54B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B2]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
咱-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口竹月山 (RHBU), four-corner 66000, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 187, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 618, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+54B1

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

trad. //
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: zá - generally only used in 咱家 (zájiā).

Definitions[edit]

  1. I; me
  2. (inclusive) we; us
  3. A particle used after personal pronouns.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (I, me): ()
  • (we, us):
Dialectal synonyms of 咱們 (“we; us (inclusive)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 咱們你我
Mandarin Beijing 咱們
Taiwan 咱們
Jinan 咱們咱這伙
Xi'an
Wuhan 我們
Chengdu 我們
Yangzhou 我們
Hefei 我們
Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
Hong Kong 我哋
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 我個裡 我們
Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人 𠊎等 齊儕
Xingning 𠊎齊家
Huidong 𠊎俚
Qujiang 𠊎俚
Xiaosanjiang 𠊎俚
Changting 𠊎等人
Pingyu 𠊎等人 𠊎兜
Wuping 𠊎嫩人
Liancheng 𠊎大沙
Ninghua 𠊎人
Yudu 𠊎尼
Ruijin 𠊎班
Shicheng 𠊎人
Shangyou 𠊎子人
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𫣆兜𫣆這兜𫣆俚𫣆
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𫣆俚吾俚𫣆兜𫣆這兜𫣆
Dongshi (Dabu) 𫣆等𫣆這兜𫣆
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𫣆兜𫣆這兜𫣆俚
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𫣆人𫣆
Jin Taiyuan 咱們
Min Bei Jian'ou 俺伙人俺人
Min Dong Fuzhou 儂家各儂儂家儂家儂
Min Nan Xiamen 咱人
Quanzhou 咱人
Zhangzhou 咱人
Taipei
Penang 咱人
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉 我伲
Suzhou
Wenzhou 卬你卬你倈
Xiang Changsha 我們
Shuangfeng 我哩 卬哩
Note † - no distinction of clusivity

See also[edit]

Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of 早晚 (zǎowǎn).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. time
    /   ―  zhèzan  ―  now

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

From (lâng, “person; I, me”) + elision of . Compare (gún, goán, “we, us (exclusive)”), (lín, “you (plural)”), 𪜶 (in, “they, them”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. (inclusive) we; us
  2. (polite) you
  3. (inclusive) our
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 咱們 (“we; us (inclusive)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 咱們你我
Mandarin Beijing 咱們
Taiwan 咱們
Jinan 咱們咱這伙
Xi'an
Wuhan 我們
Chengdu 我們
Yangzhou 我們
Hefei 我們
Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
Hong Kong 我哋
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 我個裡 我們
Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人 𠊎等 齊儕
Xingning 𠊎齊家
Huidong 𠊎俚
Qujiang 𠊎俚
Xiaosanjiang 𠊎俚
Changting 𠊎等人
Pingyu 𠊎等人 𠊎兜
Wuping 𠊎嫩人
Liancheng 𠊎大沙
Ninghua 𠊎人
Yudu 𠊎尼
Ruijin 𠊎班
Shicheng 𠊎人
Shangyou 𠊎子人
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𫣆兜𫣆這兜𫣆俚𫣆
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𫣆俚吾俚𫣆兜𫣆這兜𫣆
Dongshi (Dabu) 𫣆等𫣆這兜𫣆
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𫣆兜𫣆這兜𫣆俚
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𫣆人𫣆
Jin Taiyuan 咱們
Min Bei Jian'ou 俺伙人俺人
Min Dong Fuzhou 儂家各儂儂家儂家儂
Min Nan Xiamen 咱人
Quanzhou 咱人
Zhangzhou 咱人
Taipei
Penang 咱人
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉 我伲
Suzhou
Wenzhou 卬你卬你倈
Xiang Changsha 我們
Shuangfeng 我哩 卬哩
Note † - no distinction of clusivity

See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chal, cha) (hangeul , , revised chal, cha, McCune-Reischauer ch'al, ch'a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cha, gia, ta, thánh, thính)

  1. Hán tự form of ta, “I; me; we; us