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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一山一月金 (MUMBC), four-corner 11286, composition)

  1. obstinate, stubborn
  2. recalcitrant

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1401, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1917, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4359, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9811

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (頑), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五還切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣuan/ /ŋwan/ /ŋuan/ /ŋʷɯan/ /ŋwaɨn/ /ŋwan/ /ŋuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16138 3 /*ŋroːn/ 宋跋本王韻吳鰥反
16139 3 𤸷 /*ŋroːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. stubborn

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune-Reischauer wan, Yale wan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngoan, ngoãn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.