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U+73A9, 玩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-73A9

[U+73A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+73AA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 96, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一土一一山 (MGMMU), four-corner 11111, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 728, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20872
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1140, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1103, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+73A9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms archaic
archaic
(faan2) Cantonese
𠆩 (faan2) Cantonese

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̊ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋoːns): semantic  (jade) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon) – ancient toys made of jade.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • waan4-2 - common;
  • waan4 - rare;
  • faan2 - variant, perhaps dialectal influence.
  • Hakka
  • Note: ngòan - literary (“to play”).
    Note: nguàng - literary (“to play”) (colloquial equivalent is 客佻).
    Note:
    • oán - vernacular (俗);
    • goân/goán - literary.
  • Wu
  • Definitions[edit]

    1. to play with; to toy with
      積木 / 积木  ―  wán jīmù  ―  to play with building blocks
    2. to play; to engage in sports or recreational activities
      遊戲 / 游戏 [Cantonese]  ―  waan2 jau4 hei3 [Jyutping]  ―  to play games
      音樂 / 音乐 [Cantonese]  ―  waan2 jam1 lok6 [Jyutping]  ―  to play music; to perform music
      大家已經 [Cantonese, trad.]
      大家已经 [Cantonese, simp.]
      daai6 gaa1 dou1 ji5 ging1 waan2 dou3 m4 waan2 [Jyutping]
      everyone's already played it so much that they don't even want to anymore
    3. to play; to have a good time; to have fun; to spend time socially (e.g. with friends); to go out
      朋友 [Cantonese]  ―  tung4 pang4 jau5 waan2 [Jyutping]  ―  to play with friends
      北京 [Cantonese]  ―  heoi3 bak1 ging1 waan2 [Jyutping]  ―  to travel to Beijing (for a visit)
    4. to tease; to trifle with
      唔好 [Cantonese, trad.]
      唔好 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Keoi5 waan2 gan2 nei5 zaa1 maa3, m4 hou2 lei5 keoi5 laa1. [Jyutping]
      He's just teasing you; ignore him.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to play; to play with”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing 玩兒
    Taiwan
    Tianjin 玩兒
    Jinan 玩兒
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Yunfu
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou 客佻
    Min Nan Xiamen 𨑨迌
    Quanzhou 𨑨𨑨迌
    Zhangzhou 𨑨迌
    Taipei 𨑨迌
    Kaohsiung 𨑨迌
    Philippines (Manila) 𨑨迌
    Chaozhou 𨑨迌
    Shantou 𨑨迌
    Wu Shanghai 白相
    Suzhou 白相
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note:
    • ngóan - literary (“to tease; toy”).
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • nguâng - literary (“to tease; to enjoy; toy”).
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋuɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋwanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋuɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋuɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngwanH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ]ˤo[n]-s/
    English plaything

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16120
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋoːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to hold and fondle; to play with; to toy with; to dally with
    2. to enjoy; to appreciate
    3. toy; plaything; object for appreciation
    4. to trifle with; to treat without seriousness or respect
    5. to savour; to deliberate

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune–Reischauer wan, Yale wan)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngoạn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.