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U+73A9, 玩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-73A9

[U+73A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+73AA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一土一一山 (MGMMU), four-corner 11111, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 728, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20872
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1140, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1103, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+73A9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms archaic
archaic
(faan2) Cantonese
𠆩 (faan2) Cantonese

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̥ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋoːns): semantic (jade) + phonetic (OC *ŋon) – ancient toys made of jade.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • waan4-2 - common; waan4 - rare;
  • faan2 - variant, perhaps dialectal influence.
Note: ngòan - literary (“to play”).
Note: nguàng - literary (“to play”) (colloquial equivalent is 客佻).
Note:
  • goân/goán - literary;
  • oán - vernacular (俗).

Definitions[edit]

  1. to play with; to toy with
    積木 / 积木  ―  wán jīmù  ―  to play with building blocks
  2. to play; to engage in sports or recreational activities
    遊戲 / 游戏 [Cantonese]  ―  waan2 jau4 hei3 [Jyutping]  ―  to play games
    音樂 / 音乐 [Cantonese]  ―  waan2 jam1 lok6 [Jyutping]  ―  to play music; to perform music
  3. to play; to have a good time; to have fun; to spend time socially (e.g. with friends); to go out
    朋友 [Cantonese]  ―  tung4 pang4 jau5 waan2 [Jyutping]  ―  to play with friends
    北京 [Cantonese]  ―  heoi3 bak1 ging1 waan2 [Jyutping]  ―  to travel to Beijing (for a visit)
  4. to tease; to trifle with
    只係唔好 [Cantonese, trad.]
    只系唔好 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 zi2 hai6 waan2 gan2 nei5, m4 hou2 lei5 keoi5. [Jyutping]
    He's just teasing you; ignore him.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to play; to play with”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing 玩兒
Taiwan
Tianjin 玩兒
Jinan 玩兒
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 客佻
Min Nan Xiamen 𨑨迌
Quanzhou 𨑨𨑨迌
Zhangzhou 𨑨迌
Taipei 𨑨迌
Kaohsiung 𨑨迌
Chaozhou 𨑨迌
Shantou 𨑨迌
Wu Shanghai 白相
Suzhou 白相
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • ngóan - literary (“to tease;
  • toy”).
Note:
  • nguâng - literary (“to tease; to enjoy;
  • toy”).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋwanH/
Li
Rong
/ŋuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ŋuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˤo[n]-s/
English plaything

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16120
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋoːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hold and fondle; to play with; to toy with; to dally with
  2. to enjoy; to appreciate
  3. toy; plaything; object for appreciation
  4. to trifle with; to treat without seriousness or respect
  5. to savour; to deliberate

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune-Reischauer wan, Yale wan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngoạn)

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