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See also: and
U+6606, 昆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6606

[U+6605]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6607]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日心心 (APP), four-corner 60711, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 490, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13792
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1489, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6606

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kuːn
*kuːn
*kuːn
*kuːn
*kuːn
*kuːn
*kuːn, *kuːnʔ
*kuːn, *kuːnʔ
*kuːn
*kuːn
*kuːnʔ
*kuːnʔ
*kuːns, *ɡuːnʔ
*ɡuːn
*ɡuːnʔ
*ɡuːnʔ
*ɡuːnʔ
*ɡuːnʔ
*kʰrun

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Etymology 1[edit]

“elder brother”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)əw-n (elder brother; senior male relative); cognate with (OC *ɡuʔ, “maternal uncle”) (Benedict, 1972; STEDT).
Alternatively, it may be related to Middle Mon ကော (kao, elder brother), with nominal suffix -n added (Schuessler, 2007).
“descendants; later”
Perhaps from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kuun (child); cognate with Min (“son; child”) (Schuessler, 2007) and with ancient Chu dialect (OC *koːn, “child; offspring”) (Ye, 2014); cf. also some rear meanings of the characters (OC *kroːns, “young child”), (OC *kuːn, “roe; fish egg”) and (OC *kruːn, “roe”) (ibid.). In modern Wu dialects the character (OC *koːn) is used to mean "children" (ibid.).
“many; numerous”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-kul (twenty; all); cognate with (OC *ɡlun, “herd; all”) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuən/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuon/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwən/
Li
Rong
/kuən/
Wang
Li
/kuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁu[n]/
English elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7519
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːn/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. simultaneously
  2. elder brother
  3. descendants
  4. later
  5. many; numerous
  6. Alternative form of (kūn).
  7. Short for 昆明 (Kūnmíng).
  8. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 昆侖昆仑 (húnlún), alternative form of 渾淪浑沦 (húnlún).

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (hùn, “to unite”).
  2. 54th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "unity"

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“dot=”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. A swarm of or an organism that swarms (e.g. bugs), an organism that forms in large groups (e.g. kombu)
  2. elder brother
  3. descendants, great-great-great-great grandchild

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gon, hon) (hangeul , , revised gon, hon, McCune–Reischauer kon, hon, Yale kon, hon)

  1. (맏형 곤, mat-hyeong-): the eldest brother

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(con, côn, gon)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.