swarm

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English swarm, from Old English swearm (swarm, multitude), from Proto-Germanic *swarmaz (swarm, dizziness), from Proto-Indo-European *swer- (to buzz, hum). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Swoorm (swarm), Dutch zwerm, German Schwarm, Danish sværm, Swedish svärm, Icelandic svarmur (tumult, swarm), Latin susurrus (whispering, humming), Lithuanian surma (a pipe), Russian свире́ль (svirélʹ, a pipe, reed).

The verb is from Middle English swarmen, swermen, from Old English swierman (to swarm), from Proto-Germanic *swarmijaną (to swarm), from the noun. Cognate with Scots swairm, swerm (to swarm), Dutch zwermen, German schwärmen, Danish sværme, Swedish svärma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

swarm of locusts.

swarm (plural swarms)

  1. A large number of insects, especially when in motion or (for bees) migrating to a new colony.
  2. A mass of people, animals or things in motion or turmoil.
    a swarm of meteorites
    • 1705, J[oseph] Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy, &c. in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703, London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 1051505315:
      those prodigious swarms that had settled themselves in every part of it [Italy]
  3. (computing) A group of nodes sharing the same torrent in a BitTorrent network.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

swarm (third-person singular simple present swarms, present participle swarming, simple past and past participle swarmed)

  1. (intransitive) To move as a swarm.
    • 1915, G[eorge] A. Birmingham [pseudonym; James Owen Hannay], chapter I, in Gossamer, New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Company, OCLC 5661828:
      There is an hour or two, after the passengers have embarked, which is disquieting and fussy. Mail bags, so I understand, are being put on board. Stewards, carrying cabin trunks, swarm in the corridors.
  2. (intransitive) To teem, or be overrun with insects, people, etc.
  3. (transitive) To fill a place as a swarm.
  4. (transitive) To overwhelm as by an opposing army.
    • 2019 March 6, Drachinifel, The Battle of Samar (Alternate History) - Bring on the Battleships![1], archived from the original on 20 July 2022, retrieved 19 November 2022, 37:59 from the start:
      So, yeah. The overall conclusion of the big gunfight being that, if Yamato is able to tackle the Colorados early, then the Japanese probably have a, maybe a sixty-to-sixty-five-percent chance of pulling this off... although you say "pulling it off", it's more a case of "the Japanese are the last battleship standing"; they tend to then just get swarmed by angry Fletchers []
  5. To climb by gripping with arms and legs alternately.
  6. To breed multitudes.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English swearm, from Proto-Germanic *swarmaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

swarm (plural swarmes)

  1. A swarm (large, moving group of bees)
  2. (rare) A large group of people.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: swarm
  • Scots: swairm

References[edit]