surma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Finnish[edit]

(index su)

Etymology[edit]

Agent participle of *sure- "to die" (see surra). Cognate with Estonian surm.

Noun[edit]

surma

  1. A violent death, mainly used of humans.
    • He saivat surmansa = They got killed (literally: “they got their deaths”).
  2. Personification of sudden death.
    • Hän joutui surman suuhun = He got killed (literally: "he got into the mouth of death'").
  3. (law) Killing, voluntary manslaughter under mitigating circumstances.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of surma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative surma surmat
genitive surman surmien
partitive surmaa surmia
illative surmaan surmiin
singular plural
nominative surma surmat
accusative nom.? surma surmat
gen. surman
genitive surman surmien
surmainrare
partitive surmaa surmia
inessive surmassa surmissa
elative surmasta surmista
illative surmaan surmiin
adessive surmalla surmilla
ablative surmalta surmilta
allative surmalleˣ surmilleˣ
essive surmana surmina
translative surmaksi surmiksi
instructive surmin
abessive surmatta surmitta
comitative surmineen

Usage notes[edit]

  • (law) Killing is the unofficial translation of Finnish penal code used by the Ministry of Justice of Finland. See usage notes under tappo.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (voluntary manslaughter): tappo (common language)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

surma ‎(genitive surmaa, partitive [please provide])

  1. death

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • "surma" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat