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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
卑-bronze.svg 卑-bigseal.svg 卑-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹十 (HHJ), four-corner 26400)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 156, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2738
  • Dae Jaweon: page 356, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 63, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5351

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pei⁵⁵/
Harbin /pei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pei²¹/
Jinan /pei²¹³/
Qingdao /pe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰi⁵³/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pi³¹/
Ürümqi /pei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pei⁵⁵/
Kunming /pei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pəi³¹/
Hefei /pe²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pei¹¹/
Pingyao /pei¹³/
Hohhot /pei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pe⁵³/
Suzhou /pe̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pei³³/
Wenzhou /pai³³/
Hui Shexian /pe³¹/
Tunxi /pe¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pei³³/
Xiangtan /pəi³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei⁵³/
Nanning /pi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pei⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔi²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/piᴇ/ /pie̯/ /pie/ /piɛ/ /piə̆/ /pǐe/ /pjɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bēi ‹ pjie › /*pe/ low, humble
bēi ‹ pjie › /*pe/ 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
368 0 /*pe/

Definitions[edit]

  1. low
  2. humble
  3. mean, ignoble
  4. abase, contemn, despise

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(te, bấy, ti)

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