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U+813E, 脾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-813E

[U+813D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+813F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月竹田十 (BHWJ), four-corner 76240, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 985, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29579
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1438, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2089, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+813E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːʔ
*breː, *breː
*breː, *bre, *be
*breː, *be, *breːŋʔ
*breːʔ, *breː
*breːs
*breːs
𥱼 *breː
*peː
*peː, *pe, *peʔ
*pʰeː, *pe
*pʰeːs
*pʰeːs, *pe
*beː
*beː, *pe, *peʔ, *peːŋʔ
*beː, *pe, *beɡ, *beːɡ
*beː, *peʔ
*beːʔ, *peʔ, *piʔ
*pe
*pe, *pʰiɡ
*pe, *be
*pe
*pre
*peʔ, *beʔ
*pʰeʔ
*be
*be
*be
*be, *mbew
*be
*be, *breːŋʔ
*beʔ
*biːŋ
*beɡ, *slɯʔ
*biɡ, *peːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *be): semantic  (organ) + phonetic  (OC *pe).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • pì - organ;
  • phì - “temperament”.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note: pi5 - used in 脾氣.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /biᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bjɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /biə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /bie/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjie ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-[p]e/
    English spleen

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 385
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*be/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (~臟) (traditional Chinese medicine) a functionally defined organ of the digestive system, corresponding largely to the anatomical organ of the pancreas
    2. (~臟) (Western medicine, anatomy) spleen
    3. (figuratively) disposition; liking; temperament

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana よこし, rōmaji yokoshi)

    1. (anatomy) spleen
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 35:
        脾 白虎通云 脾 俾移反 與古之 [...] 土之精也 色黄 [...] 土藏也 [...]

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune–Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (, tỳ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.