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U+724C, 牌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-724C

[U+724B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+724D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 91, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中中竹竹十 (LLHHJ), four-corner 26040, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 693, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19854
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1106, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2016, character 28
  • Unihan data for U+724C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *breː, *breː): semantic + phonetic (OC *pe).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (31) (33)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠɛ/ /bˠɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚæ/ /bᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/bæi/ /bɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨj/ /bəɨj/
Li
Rong
/bɛ/ /bɛi/
Wang
Li
/bai/ /bɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱai/ /bʱăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pái pái
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
paai4 paai4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 349 355
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*breː/ /*breː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. board; plate
  2. census plate
  3. signboard; placard; sign; tablet
  4. brand; trademark
    椰樹 / 椰树  ―  Yēshù pái  ―  “Coconut Palm” brand
  5. nameplate
  6. Name of a type of historical documents delivered to the lower levels.
  7. playing cards; cards; dominoes; mahjong; etc. (Classifier: )
      ―  pái  ―  to play cards
      ―  pái  ―  to shuffle cards
    /   ―  Wǒ jiù shèng yī zhāng pái le!  ―  I have only one card left!
  8. (figuratively) card (a resource or an argument, used to achieve a purpose)
    中方警告印度不要西藏」。 [MSC, trad.]
    中方警告印度不要西藏”。 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngfāng jǐnggào Yìndù bùyào dǎ “Xīcáng pái”. [Pinyin]
    China warns India not to play the “Tibet card”.
  9. list (of prices)
  10. shield
  11. memorial (gateway or building)
  12. pitch (style) of ancient Chinese poetry (ci) or music (qu)
  13. manner; air; shape
  14. (Min Nan) plaque; memorial tablet
  15. (Jilu Mandarin) Classifier for card games. round

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (はい) (hai)
  • Korean: (, pae)
  • Vietnamese: bài ()

Others:

  • Burmese: ဖဲ (hpai:, playing cards; game of cards)
  • Khmer: បៀ (biə, playing cards)
  • Lao: ໄພ້ (phai, playing cards)
  • Shan: ၽၢႆႉ (phâ̰ay, domino, playing cards)
  • Thai: ไพ่ (pâi, playing cards)
  • White Hmong: phaib (playing cards)
  • Zhuang: bej (playing cards)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): はい (hai)
  • Kun: ふだ (fuda, )

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC bˠɛ, bˠɛi).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (pae pae))

  1. Hanja form? of (tablet).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: bài, bìa, bời

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.