西藏

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Chinese[edit]

west phonetic
simp. and trad.
(西藏)
西
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西藏

Etymology[edit]

Calque of Manchu ᠸᠠᡵᡤᡳ
ᡯᠠᠩ
(wargi dzang, Ü-Tsang; Tibet, literally west dzang) in Qing-dynasty imperial annals (Qing Shilu, 1663 CE) (Chen, 1999).

The Manchu term was a phono-semantic matching of Tibetan དབུས་གཙང (dbus gtsang, Ü-Tsang), matching the first syllable དབུས (dbus, centre) with the then close-sounding Manchu ᠸᠠᡵᡤᡳ (wargi, west, i.e. western region) (ibid.).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

西藏

  1. Tibet (cultural area)
  2. (~自治區) Tibetan Autonomous Region; Xizang Autonomous Region

Synonyms[edit]

  • (older names) (fán), 土蕃 (Tǔbō, Tǔfán), 吐蕃 (Tǔbō, Tǔfán)

Derived terms[edit]