西藏

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Chinese[edit]

west phonetic
trad. (西藏) 西
simp. #(西藏) 西
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Etymology[edit]

Calque of Manchu ᠸᠠᡵᡤᡳ
ᡯᠠᠩ
(wargi dzang, Ü-Tsang; Tibet, literally west dzang) in Qing-dynasty imperial annals (Qing Shilu, 1663 C.E.) (Chen, 1999).

The Manchu term was a phono-semantic matching of Tibetan དབུས་གཙང (dbus gtsang, Ü-Tsang), matching the first syllable དབུས (dbus, centre) with the then close-sounding Manchu ᠸᠠᡵᡤᡳ (wargi, west, i.e. western region) (ibid.).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

西藏

  1. Tibet (cultural area)
  2. (~自治區, formerly 地方) Tibet Autonomous Region, Xizang Autonomous Region (an autonomous region of China; capital: Lhasa)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (older names) (fán), 土蕃 (Tǔbō, Tǔfán), 吐蕃 (Tǔbō, Tǔfán)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (西藏):
  • Japanese: 西蔵(せいぞう) (Seizō)
  • Korean: 서장 (西藏, Seojang)
  • Vietnamese: Tây Tạng (西藏)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
せい
Grade: 2
ぞう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

西藏(せいぞう) (Seizō (kyūjitai, shinjitai 西蔵)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 西蔵 (Tibet)
  2. Rare spelling of チベット (Tibet).

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term
西

Proper noun[edit]

西藏 (Seojang) (hangeul 서장)

  1. Hanja form? of 서장 (Tibet).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term
西

Proper noun[edit]

西藏

  1. Hán tự form of Tây Tạng (Tibet).