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U+7247, 片
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7247

[U+7246]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7248]
U+2F5A, ⽚
KANGXI RADICAL SLICE

[U+2F59]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F5B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
片-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 91, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 中中一中 (LLML) or 中中一弓 (LLMN), four-corner 22027, composition丿𠃍)

  1. Kangxi radical #91, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 692, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19813
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1105, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2014, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7247

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming) Kangxi Dictionary (compiled in Qing)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts Ming typeface
片-seal.svg 片-bigseal.svg 片-mingti-kangxi.svg

Mirror image of (OC *braːn, “piece”).

Shuowen: Half of (“wood; tree”) to denote “to pare; to slice”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: piān - colloquial variant used in the sense “thin piece”, especially an electronic item, such as films, photographs, discs.
Note:
  • phìⁿ - vernacular;
  • phiàn - literary.
Note:
  • piang3/piêng3 - literary (piêng3 - Chaozhou);
  • pin3 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pʰian⁵¹/
    Harbin /pʰian⁵³/ 膠~
    /pʰian⁴⁴/ 相~兒
    Tianjin /pʰian²¹/ 影~
    /pʰian⁵³/ 量詞
    Jinan /pʰiã²¹/
    Qingdao /pʰiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pʰian³¹²/
    Xi'an /pʰiã⁵³/
    Xining /pʰiã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /pʰian⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pʰiɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /pʰian²¹³/
    Wuhan /pʰiɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /pʰian¹³/
    Guiyang /pʰian²¹³/
    Kunming /pʰiɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /pʰien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /pʰiĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /pʰie⁵³/ 字~~
    /pʰie⁴⁵/ 一~
    Pingyao /pʰie̞⁵³/ 名片
    /pʰie̞³⁵/ 女陰
    Hohhot /pʰie⁵³/ 藥~子
    /pʰie⁵⁵/ ~面
    Wu Shanghai /pʰi³⁵/
    Suzhou /pʰiɪ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /pʰiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /pʰi⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /pʰe³²⁴/
    Tunxi /pʰiɛ⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /pʰiẽ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /pʰiẽ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰiɛn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰien³¹/
    Taoyuan /pʰien³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰin³³/
    Nanning /pʰin³³/
    Hong Kong /pʰin³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰian²¹/
    /pʰĩ²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰiɛŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰiaŋ²¹³/
    /pʰĩ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fin³⁵/
    /fi³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    piàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pin3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    piàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰˁe[n]-s/
    English half; partial

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9740
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰeːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thin piece; flake; slice
        ―  piànzi  ―  flake, small piece
    2. film; TV play; photograph; record
        ―  yǐngpiàn  ―  film, movie
        ―  piānzi  ―  film, movie, film reel
    3. (Cantonese) video (Classifier: c)
    4. (medicine) tablet
    5. (dialectal) diaper; nappy (Classifier: c)
      BB / BB [Cantonese]  ―  bong1 BB wun6 pin3-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to change diapers for the baby
      / [Cantonese]  ―  laam6 pin3-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to wear a diaper
    6. part of a place; area
    7. (linguistics) subgroup; subdivision of a language
      廣府 / 广府 [Cantonese]  ―  gwong2 fu2 pin3 [Jyutping]  ―  Guangfu subgroup (of Yue Chinese)
    8. to slice; to carve thin
    9. partial; incomplete; one-sided
        ―  piànmiàn  ―  unilateral, one-sided
    10. Classifier for slices.
      麵包 / 面包  ―  piàn miànbāo  ―  a slice of bread
    11. Classifier for flat objects such as leaves and pieces of paper.
    12. Classifier for small nonspherical medicinal objects such as pills, tablets.
    13. Classifier for tracts of land and areas of water.
    14. Classifier for CDs, movies and DVDs.
    15. (used with numeral ) Classifier for scenarios, scenes, feelings, atmospheres, sounds, clouds.
    16. (Teochew) Classifier for doors and windows.
    17. (Hakka, Teochew) side
      / [Teochew]  ―  dang1 pin3 [Peng'im]  ―  east; east side
      / [Teochew]  ―  he2 pin3 [Peng'im]  ―  there; that side

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かた
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. First cited in the Nihon Shoki of 720.[1]

    Japanese sources describe this as cognate with (kata, side).[2] Alexander Vovin calls it "certainly a Korean loanword", from Old Korean 一等 (*HAton, one).[3]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かた) (kata

    1. [from 720] (archaic) one side or part of a pair or larger set
    2. [from 720] (archaic) a piece or part

    Prefix[edit]

    (かた) (kata-

    1. [from 720] (prefixed to a noun) one side or part of a pair or larger set
      (かた)()(かた)()
      katate, katami
      one hand, one half of the body
    2. [from 720] (prefixed to a noun or verb) one-sided
      (かた)(おも)い、(かた)ける
      kataomoi, katamukeru
      one-sided thoughts / unrequited affection (as between two people), to lean to one side
    3. [from 720] (prefixed to a noun or verb) incomplete, partial, small
      (かた)(やま)(かた)(とき)(かた)()
      katayama, katatoki, kataemu
      a small mountain, a short time, to smile slightly
    4. [from 720] (prefixed to a noun) leaning or trending that way (emphasizing the quality of the prefixed noun)
      (かた)田舎(いなか)
      katainaka
      the remote countryside
    5. [from 720] (prefixed to a verb, archaic) frequently, intently, earnestly
      (かた)()
      katamaku
      to focus intently on doing one thing

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ Alexander Vovin (2010) Koreo-Japonica: A Re-evaluation of a Genetic Origin, University of Hawaii Press, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 조각 (jogak pyeon))

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: phiến, phiện, phim

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.