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U+5C41, 屁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C41

[U+5C40]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C42]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸心心 (SPP), four-corner 77211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7654
  • Dae Jaweon: page 597, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 966, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5C41

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piː, *biːʔ
*piː
*piː, *pʰi
*piː
*piː
*piː
*piː, *bis
*pʰiː
*pʰiː
*pʰiː, *bi
*pʰiː
*pʰiːs
*biː
*biː, *bi
*biːʔ
*pʰeʔ, *piʔ, *bi, *briʔ
*pʰeʔ, *piʔ, *biɡ
*be, *pʰi, *kʰjɯʔ
*piʔ, *pis, *bi, *bis, *biɡ
*piʔ, *pis
*piʔ
*piʔ, *bi
*piʔ, *bi, *bis
*pris
*pis
*pʰis
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi, *bis
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bis, *biɡ
*bin

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰis): semantic  (body) + phonetic  (OC *piʔ, *pis, *bi, *bis, *biɡ). A word which understandably appears late in the literature.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *pja-n/t/s (fart; shit). Cognate with Tibetan ཕྱེན (phyen), འཕྱེན ('phyen, flatulence), Jingpho hpyet (to fart).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • pói - colloquial;
  • pé - literary.
Note:
  • phì - literary;
  • phùi - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰiH/
Li
Rong
/pʰiH/
Wang
Li
/pʰiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 524
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰis/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (colloquial) flatulence; fart (Classifier: c)
      ―  fàng  ―  to fart; to bullshit
  2. (colloquial) buttocks; backside
    /   ―    ―  horse's backside; flattery
      ―  gǒu  ―  dog's backside; nonsense; worthless thing; bullshit
      ―  yǎn  ―  anus; asshole
  3. (colloquial) to fart; to pass gas
    者先知  ―  zhěxiānzhī  ―  [jocular] The farter is usually the first to realise (and complain about the fart).
  4. (vulgar) rubbish; worthless; useless; insignificant; trivial
    /   ―  huà  ―  nonsense
      ―  shì  ―  trivial thing
  5. (vulgar, usually in the negative) a damn thing; (no)thing; damn all; jackshit
    不是  ―  dōu bùshì.  ―  He is an absolute nobody.
    /   ―  Nǐ dǒngge!  ―  You don't know a damn thing!
    /   ―  Guān wǒ shì!  ―  It's got damn all to do with me!
  6. (vulgar) Negates the meaning of the sentence.
      ―  Nǐ yǒu yòng!  ―  You are fucking useless!
    /   ―  Chī fàn a!  ―  Who the fuck has the mood to eat!
    /   ―  Dào ge qiàn!  ―  Apologize my ass!

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. flatulence, fart

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji he)

  1. flatulence, fart

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thí)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.