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U+6279, 批
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6279

[U+6278]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+627A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手心心 (QPP), four-corner 51010, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 419, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11845
  • Dae Jaweon: page 766, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1835, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6279

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𠜱 Cantonese; Hakka; Teochew "to pare"
Cantonese and Teochew "to pare"
Cantonese "to pare"
Teochew "to pare"

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piː, *biːʔ
*piː
*piː, *pʰi
*piː
*piː
*piː
*piː, *bis
*pʰiː
*pʰiː
*pʰiː, *bi
*pʰiː
*pʰiːs
*biː
*biː, *bi
*biːʔ
*pʰeʔ, *piʔ, *bi, *briʔ
*pʰeʔ, *piʔ, *biɡ
*be, *pʰi, *kʰjɯʔ
*piʔ, *pis, *bi, *bis, *biɡ
*piʔ, *pis
*piʔ
*piʔ, *bi
*piʔ, *bi, *bis
*pris
*pis
*pʰis
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi, *bis
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bis, *biɡ
*bin

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰiː): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *piʔ, *pis, *bi, *bis, *biɡ).

Etymology[edit]

“pie”
Borrowed from English pie.
“to pare”
𠜱 () is sometimes treated as the 本字 (běnzì, “original character”).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: erhua-ed - “fibres ready to be drawn and twisted”.
Note: originally pi1, but changed to pei1 because of homophony with .
Note: phâi - “to peel”.
Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • phoe - vernacular;
    • phe - literary.
  • mainstream Taiwan:
    • phoe - vernacular;
    • phi - literary.
  • (Teochew)

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰei/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰiei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰiei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 499
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰiː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to slap
    2. to attack; to offend
    3. to eliminate; to discard
    4. to cut (into thin slices), peel, or shape with a knife or blade; to pare: to peel [fruits], to sharpen [pencils], etc.
      蘋果 / 苹果 [Cantonese]  ―  pai1 ping4 gwo2 [Jyutping]  ―  to peel an apple
    5. (Cantonese) to plaster
    6. (Cantonese) to hit with diagonal or horizontal motion
    7. to make comments and criticisms (to an inferior from a superior, regarding a submitted report, essay, etc.)
    8. comment; annotation; criticism
    9. to judge
    10. to criticize
    11. to approve
    12. (Cantonese) to guess; to predict
    13. (Min Dong, Hokkien, Puxian Min) letter (written or printed communication) (Classifier: ; )
    14. (Teochew) letter from a foreign country
    15. to sell at wholesale
    16. Classifier for batches, lots, etc.
    17. (colloquial) fibres of cotton, flax, etc. ready to be drawn and twisted
    18. (Cantonese) pie
      / [Cantonese]  ―  gai1 pai1 [Jyutping]  ―  chicken pie
      蘋果 / 苹果 [Cantonese]  ―  ping4 gwo2 pai1 [Jyutping]  ―  apple pie

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“letter”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 書信信件信函書函
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Yudu
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 信仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 信仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 信仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 信仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Chaozhou
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. criticism

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bi, byeol) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Character[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: phi
    : Nôm readings: phê, phe, phây

    References[edit]