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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰuːŋs): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *l̥ʰjuŋ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 女火卜戈山 (VFYIU), four-corner 20913, composition)

  1. govern, command, control
  2. unite

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 924, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27447
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1358, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3398, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D71

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰuŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /tʰuŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /tʰuŋ¹³/
Jinan /tʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tʰəŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /tʰuŋ⁴²/
/tʰuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰuŋ⁵³/
Xining /tʰuə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /tʰuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /tũn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /tʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /tʰoŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /tʰoŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /tʰoŋ⁴²/
Kunming /tʰoŋ⁵³/
Nanjing /tʰoŋ²¹²/
Hefei /tʰəŋ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /tʰuŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /tʰũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /tʰoŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /tʰoŋ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /tʰoŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /tʰoŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /tʰʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /tʰan³¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰoŋ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tʰən⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /tʰuŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tʰuŋ³¹/
Taoyuan /tʰuŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰoŋ³⁵/
Nanning /tʰuŋ³⁵/
Hong Kong /tʰuŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰɔŋ⁵³/
/tʰaŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰuŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰoŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ²¹³/
/haŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (5)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuoŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰoŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰawŋH/
Li
Rong
/tʰoŋH/
Wang
Li
/tʰuoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuoŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tòng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tong) (hangeul , revised tong, McCune-Reischauer t'ong, Yale thong)

  1. to lead, command[1]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “네이버 漢字辭典”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], (Please provide a date or year)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thống, thụng, thủng, xóng, tung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]