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- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [təwŋ͡m˧˩ tʰəwŋ͡m˧˦]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [təwŋ͡m˧˨ tʰəwŋ͡m˦˧˥]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [təwŋ͡m˨˩˦ tʰəwŋ͡m˦˥]
- (of a state identified as capitalist) a president
- Both chủ tịch and tổng thống translate to the English "president", but chủ tịch is used strictly to refer to the leaders of a few self-proclaimed "socialist"/"communist" countries (particularly Vietnam, China, Cuba and Laos) who are not actually elected, but appointed by the ruling political party, and then formally "re-elected" by representatives in the party; while tổng thống refers to elected leaders in democracies. While the use of "president" as a translation of chủ tịch is usually subject for mockery in Western media, the distinction is made abundantly clear in Vietnam, and possibly in China.