一切

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Chinese[edit]

 
one; 1; single; a; (before verbs) as soon as, once; (before a noun) entire (family, etc.)
close to; to cut; to slice
simp. and trad.
(一切)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

一切

  1. all; every; everything
    一切暫時 [MSC, trad.]
    一切暂时 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīqiè dōu shì zànshí de. [Pinyin]
    Everything is temporary.
  2. anything
    一切 [MSC, trad.]
    一切 [MSC, simp.]
    Yīqiè tīng nǐ de! [Pinyin]
    Anything you say!

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いち > いっ
Grade: 1
さい
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 一切 ‎(*qit *tset). Compare modern Chinese 一切 ‎(yīqiè).

The goon reading, so likely the reading as originally imported into Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

一切 ‎(hiragana いっさい, romaji issai)

  1. all, entirety, the whole, everything
    事業 (じぎょう)一切 (いっさい)をお (まか)せします。
    Jigyō no issai o omakase shimasu.
    I leave the entirety of the project up to you.
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

一切 ‎(hiragana いっさい, romaji issai)

  1. wholly, entirely, completely, at all
    こんな浮気 (うわき)一切 (いっさい) (ゆる)さないわ。
    Konna uwaki wa issai yurusanai wa.
    I won't stand for this kind of infidelity at all.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
いつ > いっ
Grade: 1
せつ
Grade: 2
on'yomi

Alternate kan'on reading, reflecting influences from later stages and/or different dialects of Middle Chinese.

Appears to be less common than the issai reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

一切 ‎(hiragana いっせつ, romaji issetsu)

  1. all, entirety, the whole, everything

Adverb[edit]

一切 ‎(hiragana いっせつ, romaji issetsu)

  1. wholly, entirely, completely, at all

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1
き(り)
Grade: 2

Compound of ‎(hito, one) +‎ 切り ‎(kiri, cut, cutting, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 切る kiru, “to cut”).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

一切 ‎(hiragana ひときり, romaji hitokiri)

  1. one division, one step, one part of something
  2. one moment, one time
  3. (theater, performing arts) one act, one scene
  4. in the Edo period, a set period of time sold for access to various entertainments in a red-light district
  5. short for 一切遊び ‎(hitokiri asobi): enjoying oneself in a red-light district during such a set time of access

Adverb[edit]

一切 ‎(hiragana ひときり, romaji hitokiri)

  1. once
    一切 (ひときり)やったことなんだけど...
    Hitokiri yatta koto nan da kedo...
    That's something I did once, but...

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1
き(れ)
Grade: 2

Compound of ‎(hito, one) +‎ 切れ ‎(kire, cut, cutting, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 切れる kireru, “to be cut apart, to be broken apart”, itself the 已然形 ‎(izenkei, realis form, indicating that the verb is in a state of being realized) of verb 切る kiru, “to cut”).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

一切 ‎(hiragana ひときれ, romaji hitokire)

  1. one slice or cut of something
    パンの一切 (ひときれ)
    pan no hitokire
    a slice of bread
  2. (rare) a one-time sexual liaison, a one-night stand

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan