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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
信-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

+ 、to persist that one said

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人卜一口 (OYMR), four-corner 20261, composition)

  1. trust, believe
  2. letter, mail

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 105, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 707
  • Dae Jaweon: page 224, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 165, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4FE1

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping seon3, Yale seun3)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. trust, faith
    • 置く.
      しんおく.
      Shin o oku.
      Put one's trust in.
    • 問う.
      しんとう.
      Shin o tou.
      Make an appeal to one's sense of trust no man.

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • 信じる (shinjiru, to believe; to trust; to believe in)
  • 信ずる (shinzuru, to believe, put trust in)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sin)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sin, McCune-Reischauer: sin)

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin xìn (xin4), Wade-Giles hsin4)

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xìn)

  1. to believe
    • John 1.7
      这人来,为要作见证,就是为光作见证,叫众人因他可以
      Zhè rén lái, wèi yào zuò jiànzhèng, jiùshì wèi guāng zuò jiànzhèng, jiào zhòngrén yīn tā kěyǐ xìn.
      The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
    I don't believe it/you.
  2. to be religious
    父親佛教。 (trad.)
    父亲佛教。 (simp.)
    My father is a Buddhist.

Adverb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xìn)

  1. at will
    信口雌黃 (xìnkǒucíhuáng)
  2. truly; indeed

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xìn)

  1. letter
  2. information
    信息 (xìnxī)
  3. trust
    信任 (xìnrèn)
  4. evidence
    信物 (xìnwù)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*sìn)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tín, tin)

References[edit]