河童

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Japanese[edit]

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 河童 on Japanese Wikipedia
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 Kappa (folklore) on Wikipedia
河童 (kappa): a picture of a kappa or water imp.
Kanji in this term
かわ > か
Grade: 5
わっぱ > っぱ
Grade: 3
Irregular

Etymology[edit]

/kapawarapa//kawawappa//kappa/

Originally a compound of (ancient kapa, modern kawa, river) +‎ (ancient warapa, modern wappa, child).[1][2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

河童 (hiragana かっぱ, rōmaji kappa)

  1. (Japanese mythology, folklore) a river-dwelling imp or monster from Japanese folklore
    • 1999 September 23, “ひょうすべ [Hyōsube]”, in Vol.5 (in Japanese), Konami:
      カッパ (おや) (ぶん) (こう) (げき) (りょく) () (がい) (たか)い。 (しゅ) () (りょく) (ひく)め。
      Kappa no oyabun. Kōgekiryoku wa igai to takai. Shubiryoku wa hikume.
      A kappa boss with low defense strength, but surprisingly high attack strength.
    • 2000 July 13, “サイコ・カッパー [Psycho Kappar]”, in Pharaoh’s Servant -ファラオのしもべ- (in Japanese), Konami:
      いろいろな (ちょう) (のう) (りょく)使 (つか)い、 (こう) (げき)のダメージを (ふせ)カッパ
      Iroiro na chōnōryoku o tsukai, kōgeki no damēji o fusegu kappa.
      This kappa evades attack damage with his ESP.
  2. a cucumber
  3. rolled sushi with cucumber inside
  4. (dated) a prostitute working from a boat that picks up customers from the banks of a river
  5. (historical) a children's hairstyle in the Edo period, similar to the bowl cut
  6. (dated, slang) a strong swimmer
  7. Alternative spelling of 合羽 (raincoat)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3