Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+7BE4, 篤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7BE4

[U+7BE3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7BE5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +10, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸手火 (HSQF), four-corner 88327, composition𥫗)

  1. deep, true, sincere, genuine

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 894, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1321, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2997, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7BE4

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tuːɡ): phonetic (OC *tuɡ) + semantic (horse).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *tuːk (deep; thick) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan འཐུག་པ ('thug pa, thick; deep).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tu³⁵/
Harbin /tu²⁴/
Tianjin /tu⁴⁵/
Jinan /tu²¹³/
Qingdao /tu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /tu²⁴/
Xi'an /tu²¹/
Xining /tv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tu¹³/
Lanzhou /tu¹³/
Ürümqi /fu²¹³/
Wuhan /təu²¹³/
Chengdu /tu³¹/
Guiyang /tu²¹³/
Kunming /tu³¹/
Nanjing /tuʔ⁵/
Hefei /tuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tuəʔ²/
Pingyao
Hohhot /tuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /toʔ⁵/
Suzhou /toʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /toʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /to²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /to⁵/
Xiang Changsha /təu²⁴/
Xiangtan /təɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /tuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /tuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tok̚⁵/
Nanning /tuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdok̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (6)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawk̚/
Li
Rong
/tok̚/
Wang
Li
/tuok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
du
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
duk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ towk ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁuk/
English firm, solid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17587
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. honest; sincere
    [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: The Analects of Confucius, circa 475 – 221 BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
    yán zhōng xìn, xíng jìng [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. seriously ill
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

𧰵
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Cognate with Hakka (túng)?”

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) to poke; to prod
    做咩 [Cantonese, trad.]
    做咩𫽋 [Cantonese, simp.]
    zou6 me1 lo2 zi1 bat1 duk1 ngo5. [Jyutping]
    Why did you poke me with a pen?
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Cognate with Hakka (dug5).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) end; bottom
    㗎喇 [Cantonese, trad.]
    㗎喇 [Cantonese, simp.]
    haang4 dou3 duk1 zau6 wui5 gin3 dou3-2 gaa3 laa3. [Jyutping]
    You will see it when you reach the end [of the path, corridor, etc.].

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) Classifier for excreta.all nouns using this classifier

Etymology 5[edit]

Cognate with Shanghainese , as in 阿拉 (“we”), 伊拉 (“they”) (You, 1995).

Pronunciation[edit]


Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Suzhou) Suffix indicating plural for pronouns.
    / [Suzhounese]  ―  we
    / [Suzhounese]  ―  they

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): とく (toku, Jōyō)
  • Kun: あつい (atsui, 篤い)

Proper noun[edit]

(あつし) (Atsushi

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dok) (hangeul , revised dok, McCune–Reischauer tok, Yale tok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đốc, dóc, dốc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.