今年

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Chinese[edit]

 
today; modern; present; current; this; now
year
trad. (今年)
simp. #(今年)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

今年

  1. this year
    今年貴庚 / 今年贵庚  ―  Nín jīnnián guìgēng?  ―  How old are you this year? [to an unfamiliar elderly person]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 とし
Grade: 1
Irregular kun’yomi

Compound of (ko, this) +‎ (toshi, year).

The use of the kanji (now) instead of (this) is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 今年.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

今年 (hiragana ことし, rōmaji kotoshi)

  1. this year, the present year
    • 1187, Senzai Wakashū (book 16, poem 1016; also Hyakunin Isshu, poem 75)
       (ちぎ)りおきしさせもが (つゆ) (いのち)にてあはれ今年 (ことし) (あき)もいぬめり
      chigiri-okishi sasemo ga tsuyu o inochi ni te aware kotoshi no aki mo inumeri
      I believed in you with all my heart but again this [year in] autumn passes, filled with sadness. Your promises―but vanishing dewdrops of the mugwort blessing![3]

Adverb[edit]

今年 (hiragana ことし, rōmaji kotoshi)

  1. this year
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 2
ねん
Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese 今年 (MC kˠiɪm nen).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

今年 (hiragana こんねん, rōmaji konnen)

  1. this year, the present year
    Synonym: 本年 (honnen)
Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

(Time)
~ -2 -1 0 +1 +2 Continual
Day 一昨日 昨日 今日 明日 明後日 毎日
Morning 一昨朝 昨朝 今朝 明朝 毎朝
Night 一昨晩 昨晩 今晩 明晩 毎晩
Week 先々週 先週 今週 来週 再来週 毎週
Month 先々月 先月 今月 来月 再来月 毎月
Year 一昨年 去年 今年 来年 再来年 毎年

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Peter MacMillan (2018) One Hundred Poets, One Poem Each: A Treasury of Classical Japanese Verse, Penguin UK, →ISBN