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See also: , , , , and 𠤎
U+5315, 匕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5315

[U+5314]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5316]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 21, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 山竹 (UH), four-corner 22710, composition丿(GJKHO) or ⿺(TV))

  1. Kangxi radical #21, .

Stroke Order notes[edit]

PRC Standard Stroke Order: (see diagram)

Stroke order
匕-order.gif

ROC Standard Stroke Order: First stroke is 橫 (not 撇).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 152, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2570
  • Dae Jaweon: page 342, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 261, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5315

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
匕-bronze-shang.svg 匕-oracle.svg 匕-bronze.svg 匕-silk.svg 匕-seal.svg 匕-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pilʔ
*pʰelʔ
*pʰelʔ, *pilʔ, *pʰrilʔ
*pilʔ
*bilʔ, *binʔ

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piX/
Li
Rong
/piX/
Wang
Li
/piX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjijX › ‹ pjijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pijʔ/ /*pijʔ/
English ladle, spoon spoon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 484
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pilʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a kind of implement for eating in ancient China
  2. arrow
  3. Short for 匕首 (bǐshǒu).
  4. Original form of ().

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“female ; female genital; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さじ, rōmaji saji)

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune–Reischauer pi)

  1. spoon, ladle
  2. knife, dirk

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chuỷ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.