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See also: , , , , and 𠤎
U+5315, 匕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5315

[U+5314]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5316]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
匕-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • In Taiwan, the upper right stroke of is written with a straight line () from left to right.
  • In other regions, the upper right stroke of is written with a curve (丿) from the top right corner towards the middle left.

Han character[edit]

(radical 21, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 山竹 (UH), four-corner 22710, composition丿(GJKH) or ⿺(T))

  1. Kangxi radical #21, .

Derived characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Chinese Wikisource has digitized text of the Kangxi Dictionary entry for :

Wikisource


  • KangXi: page 152, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2570
  • Dae Jaweon: page 342, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 261, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5315

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
匕-bronze-shang.svg 匕-oracle.svg 匕-bronze.svg 匕-silk.svg 匕-seal.svg 匕-bigseal.svg

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piX/
Li
Rong
/piX/
Wang
Li
/piX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/piX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjijX › ‹ pjijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pijʔ/ /*pijʔ/
English ladle, spoon spoon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 484
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pilʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) a kind of spoon in ancient China
  2. (literary) dagger
  3. arrow
  4. Original form of (, “to compare; to contrast”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(of an animal) female”).
(This character, , is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (hi)
  • Kan-on: (hi)
  • Kun: さじ (saji, )

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(さじ) (saji

  1. Alternative form of : a spoon

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 비수 (bisu bi))

  1. spoon
  2. dagger

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: chủy/chuỷ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.