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See also:
U+820A, 舊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-820A

[U+8209]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+820B]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿人土X (TOGX), four-corner 44777, composition(HT) or ⿱(GJKV))

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1462, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3043, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+820A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms 𦾔 (calligraphic variant)
𫡹 (ancient form in Bronze inscription)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡʷɯs
*ɡʷɯs
*kuɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷɯs): semantic  (owl) + phonetic  (OC *ɡuʔ).

Originally refers to a type of owl; later borrowed for a homophonous word meaning "old." The upper portion frequently appears as (a type of grass).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kū - vernacular;
  • kiū - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /guwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiù
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-kʷəʔ-s/
    English old

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6981
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷɯs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. old; former; past
    2. old; used; worn

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (lǎo, “old; aged”)

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (xīn, “new”)

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gu) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cựu, lâu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.