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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-820A
Code point U+820A
Entity number 舊
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8209] [U+820B]

Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 廿人土X (TOGX), four-corner 44777, composition or ⿱)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1006, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1462, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3043, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+820A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷɯs): semantic  ‎(owl) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡuʔ)

Originally referred to a type of owl; later borrowed for a homophonous word meaning "old." The upper portion frequently appears as .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwH/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-kʷəʔ-s/
English old

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6981
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷɯs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. old; former; past
  2. old; used; worn

Synonyms[edit]

  • (lǎo, “old; aged”)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (xīn, “new”)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu) (hangeul )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cựu, lâu)

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