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U+74DC, 瓜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-74DC

[U+74DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+74DD]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
瓜-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 97 +0, in Chinese 5 strokes, in Japanese 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹女戈人 (HVIO), four-corner 72230)

  1. Kangxi radical #97, (melon).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 746, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1154, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2654, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+74DC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
瓜-bronze.svg 瓜-bigseal.svg 瓜-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷraː
*kʷraːs
*qʷraː, *qʷraːs
*qʷraː
*qʷraːs
*qʷraːs
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*kʷaː
*ɡʷaː
*ɡʷlaː

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: koe - vernacular, koa - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
Harbin /kua⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuɑ²¹/
Jinan /kua²¹³/
Qingdao /kua²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
Xi'an /kua²¹/
Xining /kua⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kua⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kua³¹/
Ürümqi /kua⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kua⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kua⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kua⁵⁵/
Kunming /kua̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kuɑ³¹/
Hefei /kua²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kua¹¹/
Pingyao /kuɑ¹³/
Hohhot /kua³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ko⁵³/
/kua⁵³/
Suzhou /ko⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kuɑ³³/
Wenzhou /kuo³³/
Hui Shexian /kua³¹/
Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kua³³/
Xiangtan /kuɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kua⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kuɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwa⁵⁵/
Nanning /kʷa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/
/kue⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kua⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kue³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kue²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/kua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/kua/
Wang
Li
/kwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guā
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guā
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤra/
English melon, gourd

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4340
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷraː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. melon
  2. gourd
  3. (Cantonese slang, humorous) to die

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. gourd, squash, melon

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
うり
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, compiled some time after 759 CE.

Possibly derived as the 連用形(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 熟る(uru, to ripen), modern form 熟れる(ureru).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うり, katakana ウリ, romaji uri)

  1. gourd, squash, melon

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ウリ.

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Kikai[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. gourd

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwa)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gwa, McCune-Reischauer: kwa, Yale: kwa)
    • Name (hangeul): 오이 (revised: oi, McCune-Reischauer: oi, Yale: oi)
  1. cucumber

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(qua, dưa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うい, romaji ui)

  1. cucumber, gourd