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See also:
U+74DC, 瓜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-74DC

[U+74DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+74DD]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
瓜-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 97, +0, 5 strokes in Chinese, 6 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 竹女戈人 (HVIO), four-corner 72230, composition𠂆 or ⿻𤓰)

  1. Kangxi radical #97, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 746, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21371
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1154, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2654, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+74DC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
瓜-bronze-warring.svg 瓜-seal.svg 瓜-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - a pictograph of a melon suspended by its vines.

Etymology[edit]

Etymology not clear (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • koe - vernacular;
    • koa - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kua⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kua⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kuɑ²¹/
    Jinan /kua²¹³/
    Qingdao /kua²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kua²⁴/
    Xi'an /kua²¹/
    Xining /kua⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kua⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kua³¹/
    Ürümqi /kua⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kua⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /kua⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /kua⁵⁵/
    Kunming /kua̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /kuɑ³¹/
    Hefei /kua²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kua¹¹/
    Pingyao /kuɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /kua³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ko⁵³/
    /kua⁵³/
    Suzhou /ko⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /kuɑ³³/
    Wenzhou /kuo³³/
    Hui Shexian /kua³¹/
    Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kua³³/
    Xiangtan /kuɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kuɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kua⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kuɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwa⁵⁵/
    Nanning /kʷa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kwa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/
    /kue⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kua⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kua⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kue³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (99)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠua/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kua/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kua/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guā
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwæ ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷˁra/
    English melon, gourd

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4340
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷraː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. melon; gourd; squash
    2. (Cantonese, slang, humorous) to die
    3. (Mainland China, slang, neologism) storyful news
    4. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to die):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. gourd, squash, melon

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    うり
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ori. Found in the Man'yōshū, compiled some time after 759 CE.

    Possibly derived as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of classical verb 熟る (uru), modern form 熟れる (ureru, to ripen).

    Possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi, cucumber); compare other terms in the Japonic family, such as Kikai (ui) and Yoron (ui).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (うり) (uri

    1. gourd, squash, melon

    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ウリ.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Idioms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Kikai[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    1. gourd

    Compounds[edit]

    • 胡瓜 (きうい, kiui, cucumber)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 오이 (oi gwa))

    1. cucumber

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana うーㇲ゙, romaji ūz)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon), possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うーㇲ゙, romaji ūz)

    1. melon
    2. gourd

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うい
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Cognate with Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon), possibly cognate with Korean 오이 (oi).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うい, rōmaji ui)

    1. melon
    2. gourd

    References[edit]

    • ウイ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: qua[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: qua[3][4][5], dưa[1][6], co[1]

    1. Hán tự form of qua (melon).
    2. Nôm form of dưa (melon).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Yoron[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (uri, gourd, squash, melon).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うい, romaji ui)

    1. cucumber, gourd