嗚呼

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See also: 呜呼

Chinese[edit]

(onomat. for humming)
 
to call; to cry; to shout; to breath out; to exhale
trad. (嗚呼)
simp. (呜呼)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (32)
Final () (23) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔuo/ /huo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔuo/ /huo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔo/ /xo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɔ/ /hɔ/
Li
Rong
/ʔo/ /xo/
Wang
Li
/u/ /xu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔuo/ /xuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xu › ‹ xuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˁa/ /*qʰˁa-s/
English call out, shout call out, shout

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13078 5181
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaː/ /*qʰaː/

Interjection[edit]

嗚呼

  1. (archaic) alas; alack; wellaway

Verb[edit]

嗚呼

  1. (euphemistic) to die; to pass away

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 6
Irregular

Compare English ah.

The kanji spelling is an example of phonetic ateji (当て字), borrowed from Chinese 嗚呼.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

嗚呼 (hiragana ああ, katakana アー, rōmaji ā)

  1. ah, oh
    1. an expression of surprise
    2. word expressing affirmation
    3. word used to call attention
    4. word expressing a grunt or pain
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used in Old Japanese as 借訓 (shakkun, kanji spelling used as a Japanese sound) kana for a.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 6
Irregular

Origin unknown; compare おかしい (strange, funny). Historically written ヲコ or ウコ; the kanji spelling is ateji (当て字).[2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

嗚呼 (-na inflection, hiragana おこ, rōmaji oko)

  1. (archaic) foolish, stupid
  2. (archaic) funny, clownish

Noun[edit]

嗚呼 (hiragana おこ, rōmaji oko)

  1. folly, absurdity, foolishness

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Heibonsha World Encyclopedia[1] (in Japanese), 1998