西瓜

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Chinese[edit]

west
 
melon; claw; gourd
melon; claw; gourd; squash
trad. (西瓜) 西
simp. #(西瓜) 西
Literally: “western melon”.
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Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

西瓜

西瓜
  1. watermelon

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (西瓜):
  • Japanese: 西瓜(すいか) (suika)
  • Korean: 서과(西瓜) (seogwa)

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
西
すい
Grade: 2

Jinmeiyō
tōon kan’on
Alternative spelling
水瓜

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese compound 西瓜 (sej kwæ, literally west + melon). Compare modern Mandarin 西瓜 (xīguā, “watermelon”). Sui is the 唐音 (tōon) of 西.[1][2][3][4] There is an alternative spelling of 水瓜,[1][3][2][4][5] which may be seen as both ateji and a calque of English watermelon.

Various Japanese references indicate that the fruit was imported from China in the early Edo period in the 1600s.[1][3][2] However, the word is first attested in Japanese in a text from the 1360s, suggesting that the fruit was originally imported earlier, but did not become more widely known until the 1600s.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

西(すい)() (suikaすいくわ (suikwa)?

  1. watermelon

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as スイカ.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 西瓜”, in デジタル大辞泉 (Dejitaru Daijisen)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 西瓜・水瓜”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[2] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term
西

Noun[edit]

西瓜 (seogwa) (hangeul 서과)

  1. Hanja form? of 서과 (watermelon).

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji in this term
西
しー
Grade: 2
くゎ
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

西瓜 (hiragana しーくゎ, katakana シークヮ, rōmaji shīkwa)

  1. watermelon
    Synonym: 広東瓜 (kwantuui)

References[edit]

シークヮ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.