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See also:
U+8C48, 豈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C48

[U+8C47]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C49]
U+F900, 豈
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F900
[unassigned: U+D7FC–U+F8FF]

[U+D7FB]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F901]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 151, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 山一口廿 (UMRT), four-corner 22108, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
豈-silk.svg 豈-seal.svg 豈-bigseal.svg

Possibly a variation of with the top part modified. May have been the original form of (“music of triumph”).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (20)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨjX/
Li
Rong
/kʰiəiX/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰe̯iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hei2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khj+jX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʰəjʔ/
English how

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10123
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̊ʰɯlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary, rhetorical question) how; how can it be that (used in rhetorical questions)
    Synonyms: 怎麼怎么 (zěnme), (), 難道难道 (nándào), 莫非 (mòfēi)
    有此理 / 有此理  ―  yǒucǐlǐ  ―  how can such an idea stand?
  2. (dated) possibly; perhaps (modal particle indicating tentativeness)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“peaceful; harmonious”).
(This character, , is an obsolete form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“music of triumph; paean; triumph; victory; etc.”).
(This character, , is an obsolete form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. an interjection of surprise

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): (ki), がい (gai), かい (kai)
  • Kun: あに (ani)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(あに) (ani

  1. a rhetorical interrogative; (just) how
  2. expresses a strong denial; not at all, not in the least

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gae, gi) (hangeul , , revised gae, gi, McCune–Reischauer kae, ki, Yale kay, ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: khởi

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.