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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 16 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 山廿竹弓 (UTHN), four-corner 27110, composition)

  1. triumphant
  2. triumph, victory

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 134, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1790
  • Dae Jaweon: page 300, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 278, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+51F1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final: (41)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: kǎi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰʌiX/ /kʰəiX/ /kʰɒiX/ /kʰəjX/ /kʰᴀiX/ /kʰɒiX/ /kʰɑ̆iX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kǎi ‹ khojX › /*C.qʰˤəjʔ/ pleasant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10102 1 /*ŋ̥ʰɯːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune-Reischauer kae)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khải, ngai)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.