paean

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A statue of the Roman god Apollo, possibly an early work of Phidias, in the collection of the Museo delle Terme (now part of the National Roman Museum) in Rome, Italy.[1] A paean was originally a song – especially a thanksgiving or victory hymn – to Apollo, or sometimes another god or goddess.

From Latin paeān (a hymn, especially a victory hymn, to Apollo or another god), from Ancient Greek παιάν (paián, a chant or song, especially a thanksgiving or victory hymn, to Apollo under the name Παιάν (Paián)), from the phrase Ἰὼ Παιάν (Iṑ Paián, O Paean!, Thanks to Paean!). According to Homer, Paián or Paean was the name of the physician of the gods; its further etymology is unknown.[2] Compare Middle French, French paean, péan, Italian peana, Portuguese péan, peã.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

paean (plural paeans)

  1. (Ancient Greece, historical) A chant or song, especially a hymn of thanksgiving for deliverance or victory, to Apollo or sometimes another god or goddess.
  2. Any loud and joyous song; a song of triumph.
  3. An enthusiastic expression of praise.

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Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

paean (third-person singular simple present paeans, present participle paeaning, simple past and past participle paeaned)

  1. (transitive, rare) To sing a paean; to praise.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernest A[rthur] Gardner (1910; 1915 reprint), “Phidias”, in Six Greek Sculptors (Library of Art), London: Duckworth and Co.; New York, N.Y.: Charles Scribner's Sons, OCLC 1133263, plate XXXI facing page 115.
  2. ^ paean, n.”, in OED Online, Oxford: Oxford University Press, March 2005.

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