peon

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: peón and péon

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From a combination of Middle French pion, peon and Spanish peón, both from Late Latin pedōnem (pedestrian). Doublet of pawn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

peon (plural peons or peones)

  1. A lowly person; a peasant or serf; a labourer who is obliged to do menial work.
  2. (figurative) A person of low rank or importance.
  3. (India, historical) A messenger, foot soldier, or native policeman.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ peon, n.1.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2005.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hellenistic Ancient Greek παιωνία (paiōnía), from Ancient Greek Παιών (Paiṓn, Paean, physician of the gods)/παιών (paiṓn, a physician).

Noun[edit]

peon m (definite singular peonen, indefinite plural peoner, definite plural peonene)

  1. a peony (genus Paeonia)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hellenistic Ancient Greek παιωνία (paiōnía), from Ancient Greek Παιών (Paiṓn, Paean, physician of the gods)/παιών (paiṓn, a physician).

Noun[edit]

peon m (definite singular peonen, indefinite plural peonar, definite plural peonane)

  1. a peony (genus Paeonia)

References[edit]

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Late Latin pedōnem (pedestrian).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (archaic) IPA(key): /pəˈðun/
  • (classical, late) IPA(key): /pəˈun/, /piˈun/, /paˈun/, /puˈun/

Noun[edit]

peon oblique singularm (oblique plural peons, nominative singular peons, nominative plural peon)

  1. one who goes on foot; pedestrian
    (military) infantryman
    (chess) pawn

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛ.ɔn/
  • Rhymes: -ɛɔn
  • Syllabification: pe‧on

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peón, from Late Latin pedō.

Noun[edit]

peon m pers

  1. (agriculture, historical) peon (lowly person; a peasant or serf; a labourer who is obliged to do menial work)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
noun

Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek παιών (paiṓn).

Noun[edit]

peon m inan

  1. (poetry) paeon (foot containing any pattern of three short syllables and one long syllable)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
adjective

Further reading[edit]

  • peon in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French péon or Spanish peon.

Noun[edit]

peon m (plural peoni)

  1. peon

Declension[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish peón, from Late Latin pedōnem (pedestrian), from Latin ped- (foot).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pe‧on
  • IPA(key): /peˈon/, [pɛˈon]

Noun[edit]

peón (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜒᜌᜓᜈ᜔)

  1. peon
  2. (chess) pawn

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Tagalog · mga piyesa sa ahedres (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
hari reyna tore obispo/alpil kabayo peon

Further reading[edit]

  • peon”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018