altar

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See also: Altar, áltár, and ältar

English[edit]

An altar in a monastery in Brandenburg, Germany

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English alter, from Old English alter, taken from Latin altare (altar), probably related to adolere (burn); thus "burning place", influenced by altus (high). Displaced native Old English wēofod.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar (plural altars)

  1. A table or similar flat-topped structure used for religious rites.
    • c. 1503–1512, John Skelton, Ware the Hauke; republished in John Scattergood, editor, John Skelton: The Complete English Poems, 1983, OCLC 8728872, lines 9–14, page 62:
      To hawke, or els to hunt
      From the auter to the funt,
      Wyth cry unreverent,
      Before the sacrament,
      Wythin the holy church bowndis,
      That of our fayth the grownd is.
  2. (informal) A raised area around an altar in a church; the sanctuary.
  3. (figuratively) Any (real or notional) place where something is worshipped or sacrificed to.
    • 2000, Alain Renaut, M. B. De Bevoise, Era of the Individual: A Contribution to a History of Subjectivity
      [] now marking the end of ascetic rationalism, the monadology no longer implied a sacrifice of individuality on the altar of rationality.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maori: āta

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin altāre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar m (plural altars)

  1. altar

References[edit]

  • “altar” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish altar.

Noun[edit]

altár

  1. altar

Cimbrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German alter, altære, from Old High German altāri, from Latin altāre. Cognate with German Altar.

Noun[edit]

altar m (uncountable)

  1. (Sette Comuni) altar

References[edit]

  • “altar” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse altari, from Old Saxon altari, from Latin altare (altar), cognate with Danish alter (altar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar n (genitive singular altars, plural altar)

  1. altar

Declension[edit]

Declension of altar
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative altar altarið altar altarini
accusative altar altarið altar altarini
dative altari altarinum altarum altarunum
genitive altars altarsins altara altaranna

Galician[edit]

altar, church of Saint Mary, Melide, Galicia.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese altar (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin altāre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar m (plural altares)

  1. altar
    • 1370, Ramón Lorenzo (ed.), Crónica troiana. A Coruña: Fundación Barrié, page 660:
      et talloulle a cabeça dentro ẽno tẽplo, ante o altar.
      and he cut his head inside, in the temple, before the altar.
    Synonym: ara

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • altar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • altar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • altar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch altaar, from Latin altāre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar (first-person possessive altarku, second-person possessive altarmu, third-person possessive altarnya)

  1. altar
    Synonym: mazbah

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈal̪ˠt̪ˠəɾˠ]

Verb[edit]

altar

  1. present indicative autonomous of alt
  2. imperative autonomous of alt
  3. present subjunctive autonomous of alt

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
altar n-altar haltar not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar n (genitive altāris); third declension

  1. Alternative form of altāre

Usage notes[edit]

In pre-Classical and Classical Latin, this noun only occurs in the plural as a plurale tantum.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative altar altāria
Genitive altāris altārium
Dative altārī altāribus
Accusative altar altāria
Ablative altārī altāribus
Vocative altar altāria

Descendants[edit]

See altāre.

References[edit]

  • altar”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • altar”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[1]

Lombard[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar ?

  1. altar

Further reading[edit]


Manx[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar m (plural altaryn)

  1. (religion) altar

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar n

  1. form removed by a 1984 spelling decision; superseded by alter

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1[edit]

Ultimately from Latin altar, probably through late Old Norse altari and Old Saxon altari.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar n (definite singular altaret, indefinite plural altar, definite plural altara)

  1. an altar

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar m

  1. indefinite plural of alt

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *aldrą, whence also Old English ealdor, Old Norse aldr.

Noun[edit]

altar n

  1. age

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin altāre (altar for burnt offerings). Cf. also outeiro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar m (plural altares)

  1. altar (flat structure used for religious rites)

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese altar, from Latin altāre (altar for burnt offerings). Cf. also Portuguese outeiro.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

altar m (plural altares)

  1. altar (flat structure used for religious rites)

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin altārium or altār, with the plural deriving from altāria. Compare oltar, a rare and dated variant which derives from the same source via a Slavic intermediary.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

altar n (plural altare)

  1. altar
  2. communion table
  3. chancel
  4. shrine, sanctuary

Synonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish altar (attested as far back as the Cantar de Mio Cid[1]), from Latin altāre. See also otero.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /alˈtaɾ/, [al̪ˈt̪aɾ]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

altar m (plural altares)

  1. altar (a table used for religious rites)
  2. stone that separates the firebox from the hearth in reverberatory furnaces

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish altar. Doublet of alta.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: al‧tar
  • IPA(key): /ʔalˈtaɾ/, [ʔɐlˈtaɾ]

Noun[edit]

altár

  1. altar (a table used for religious rites)
    Synonyms: dalanginan, dambana, alta