محراب

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old South Arabian 𐩣𐩢𐩧𐩨‎ attested several times for a certain architectural feature of a palace or court, and for a “part of a temple where 𐩩𐩢𐩧𐩨‎ oracles are obtained”, compare 𐩩𐩢𐩧𐩨𐩩(votive relief), 𐩩𐩢𐩧𐩨(to obtain a vision or an oracle), 𐩢𐩧𐩨(to obtain an oracle). Possibly also related to Old South Arabian 𐩣𐩫𐩧𐩨(sanctuary, temple), Ge'ez ምኵራብ (məkʷrab, sanctuary, temple), Old South Arabian 𐩫𐩧𐩨(to carry out instructions), Old South Arabian 𐩫𐩧𐩨(to bless) = Arabic بَرَّكَ(barraka, to bless), Akkadian 𒅗𒊏𒁍 (/karābu/, to pray), Hebrew כְּרוּב(kerūḇ, cherub).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /miħ.raːb/ (singular)
  • IPA(key): /ma.ħaː.riːb/ (plural)

Noun[edit]

مِحْرَاب (miḥrābm (plural مَحَارِيب(maḥārīb))

  1. a high sitting place, private chamber whither people of high standing retreat, closet
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 34:13:
      يَعْمَلُونَ لَهُ مَا يَشَاءُ مِن مَّحَارِيبَ وَتَمَاثِيلَ وَجِفَانٍ كَالْجَوَابِ وَقُدُورٍ رَّاسِيَاتٍ
      yaʿmalūna lahu mā yašāʾu min mmaḥārība watamāṯīla wajifānin kāljawābi waqudūrin rrāsiyātin
      They made for him what he willed, of closets, bowls, effigies, and standing kettles.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 19:11:
      فَخَرَجَ عَلَى قَوْمِهِ مِنَ الْمِحْرَابِ فَأَوْحَى إِلَيْهِمْ أَن سَبِّحُوا بُكْرَةً وَعَشِيًّا
      faḵaraja ʿalā qawmihi mina l-miḥrābi faʾawḥā ʾilayhim ʾan sabbiḥū bukratan waʿašiyyan
      And he went out from the chamber to his people and made signs that they shall praise in the morning and evening.
  2. a niche in a place of prayer in the praying direction, mihrab
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:37:
      كُلَّمَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا زَكَرِيَّا الْمِحْرَابَ وَجَدَ عِنْدَهَا رِزْقًا
      kullamā daḵala ʿalayhā zakariyyā l-miḥrāba wajada ʿindahā rizqan
      Whenever Zacharias entered upon her in the miḥrāb he encountered her with provisions.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:39:
      فَنَادَتْهُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ يُصَلِّي فِي الْمِحْرَابِ
      fanādathu l-malāʾikatu wahuwa qāʾimun yuṣallī fī l-miḥrābi
      So the angels called him while prayed standing in the miḥrāb.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Azerbaijani: mehrab
  • Middle Armenian: մէհրապ (mēhrap), մեհրաբ (mehrab), մահրապ (mahrap)
  • Persian: محراب(mehrâb)

References[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مِحْرَاب(miḥrāb)

Noun[edit]

محراب (mehrâb) (plural محراب‌ها(mehrâb-hâ))

  1. mihrab