imam

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: imám and Imam

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imam (plural imams)

  1. One who leads the salat prayers in a mosque.
    • 1901, John Payne, Alaeddin and the Enchanted Lamp:
      Now it chanced that in one of the mosques was an Imam. (footnote: The person specially appointed to lead the prayers of the congregation and paid out of the endowed revenues of the mosque to which he is attached)
    • 2001 May 10, London Review of Books:
      But then there's a Christian cleric and an imam on each of the country's three regional censorship boards, in Kaduna, Lagos and Onitsha, although more than one producer told me that the brown envelope worked the same magic here as in any other Nigerian Government department.
    • 2004 October 7, London Review of Books, page 3:
      In the 1980s, roughly six hundred young Algerian men, many of them protégés of Muslim Brothers from Egypt and Wahhabi imams from Saudi Arabia, went to Afghanistan to join the anti-Soviet jihad.
    • 2021 January 13, Bethan McKernan, “Turkey drought: Istanbul could run out of water in 45 days”, in The Guardian:
      The critically low level of rainfall in the second half of 2020 – approaching 50% year on year for November – led the religious affairs directorate to instruct imams and their congregations to pray for rain last month.
  1. (usually capitalized) A Shi'ite Muslim leader descended from the prophet Muhammad and functioning as his spiritual successor.
    1. (Twelver Shi'ism) One of the Twelve imams, descendants of Muhammad from the seventh to ninth centuries C.E. who lived exemplary lives.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imam m (indefinite plural imamë, definite singular imami, definite plural imamët)

  1. (Islam) imam

Declension[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic имам
Roman imam
Perso-Arabic امام, ایمام

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām).

Noun[edit]

imam (definite accusative imamı, plural imamlar)

  1. (Islam) imam

Declension[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imam m (plural imams)

  1. (Islam) imam

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Noun[edit]

imam c (singular definite imamen, plural indefinite imamer)

  1. (Islam) imam

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

imam m (plural imams, diminutive imampje n)

  1. (Islam) imam

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imam m or f (plural imams)

  1. (Islam) imam

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Malay imam, from Arabic إمام(ʾimām, leader, imam).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /i.mam/
  • Hyphenation: i‧mam

Noun[edit]

imam

  1. leader
  2. (Islam) imam
  3. (Catholicism) priest

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Noun[edit]

imam m (invariable)

  1. (Islam) imam

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

īmam

  1. accusative feminine singular of īmus

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Noun[edit]

imam m pers

  1. (Islam) imam (a Shi'ite Muslim leader)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • imam in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imam m (plural imami)

  1. (Islam) imam

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish امام(imam), from Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām).

Noun[edit]

ìmām m (Cyrillic spelling ѝма̄м)

  1. (Islam) imam
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

imam (Cyrillic spelling имам)

  1. first-person singular present of imati (I have)

Slovene[edit]

Verb[edit]

imam

  1. first-person singular present of imeti

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imam m (plural imames)

  1. (Islam) imam

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

imam (n class, plural imam)

  1. imam (Muslim leader)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām, leader).

Noun[edit]

imam c

  1. (Islam) imam

Declension[edit]

Declension of imam 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative imam imamen imamer imamerna
Genitive imams imamens imamers imamernas

Anagrams[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish امام(imam), from Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām).

Noun[edit]

imam (definite accusative imamı, plural imamlar)

  1. (Islam) imam

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative imam
Definite accusative imamı
Singular Plural
Nominative imam imamlar
Definite accusative imamı imamları
Dative imama imamlara
Locative imamda imamlarda
Ablative imamdan imamlardan
Genitive imamın imamların
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular imamım imamlarım
2nd singular imamın imamların
3rd singular imamı imamları
1st plural imamımız imamlarımız
2nd plural imamınız imamlarınız
3rd plural imamları imamları
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular imamımı imamlarımı
2nd singular imamını imamlarını
3rd singular imamını imamlarını
1st plural imamımızı imamlarımızı
2nd plural imamınızı imamlarınızı
3rd plural imamlarını imamlarını
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular imamıma imamlarıma
2nd singular imamına imamlarına
3rd singular imamına imamlarına
1st plural imamımıza imamlarımıza
2nd plural imamınıza imamlarınıza
3rd plural imamlarına imamlarına
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular imamımda imamlarımda
2nd singular imamında imamlarında
3rd singular imamında imamlarında
1st plural imamımızda imamlarımızda
2nd plural imamınızda imamlarınızda
3rd plural imamlarında imamlarında
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular imamımdan imamlarımdan
2nd singular imamından imamlarından
3rd singular imamından imamlarından
1st plural imamımızdan imamlarımızdan
2nd plural imamınızdan imamlarınızdan
3rd plural imamlarından imamlarından
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular imamımın imamlarımın
2nd singular imamının imamlarının
3rd singular imamının imamlarının
1st plural imamımızın imamlarımızın
2nd plural imamınızın imamlarınızın
3rd plural imamlarının imamlarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular imamım imamlarım
2nd singular imamsın imamlarsın
3rd singular imam
imamdır
imamlar
imamlardır
1st plural imamız imamlarız
2nd plural imamsınız imamlarsınız
3rd plural imamlar imamlardır

Zazaki[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [iˈmɑm]
  • Hyphenation: i‧mam

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic إِمَام(ʾimām).

Noun[edit]

imam m

  1. (Islam) imam
  2. (literary) leader