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U+64C5, 擅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64C5

[U+64C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64C6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手卜田一 (QYWM), four-corner 50016, composition)

  1. monopolize
  2. claim
  3. arbitrarily
  4. to dare
  5. to be good at

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 457, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12790
  • Dae Jaweon: page 806, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1971, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+64C5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
擅-bigseal.svg 擅-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjaʀ, *tanʔ, *tjanʔ
*taːnʔ
*daːn, *daːn
*taːnʔ, *taːns
*taːnʔ, *taːns, *daːnʔ
*taːnʔ
*taːnʔ, *tʰaːn, *djans
*taːnʔ, *taːns, *taːd
*taːnʔ, *taːns, *taːd
*taːns
*taːns
*tʰaːn, *rteːn
*tʰaːnʔ
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns
*daːn
*daːn
*daːn, *djan
*daːn, *tan
*daːnʔ, *rdeːns
*daːnʔ, *tanʔ, *tans
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːns, *djan
*tan, *danʔ, *dans
*tan
*tjan, *tjanʔ
*tjan
*tjan
*tjan
*tjans
*djanʔ
*djans
*hljan
*taːd, *ʔraːd
*taːd
*taːd
*taːd, *tjad
*taːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djans): semantic  (hands) + phonetic  (OC *taːnʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑianH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]a[n]-s/
English act without authority

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djans/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheon) (hangeul , revised cheon, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏn, Yale chen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chen, thiện)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.