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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈人心 (IOP), 一人心 (MOP), four-corner 37338, composition)

  1. indulge oneself, unrestrained

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 715, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2292, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6063

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (恣), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 資四切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɪH/ /t͡siH/ /t͡siH/ /t͡siH/ /t͡siH/ /t͡siH/ /t͡sjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tsijH › /*tsi[t]-s/ unrestrained, license

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1790 2 /*ʔslis/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune-Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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References[edit]