под

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See also: под-

Macedonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

под (podm

  1. floor (ground)

Inflection[edit]

Preposition[edit]

под (pod)

  1. under
    Кучето се скри под столицата.
    The dog hid under the chair.
  1. below
    Тоа е закопано под земјата.
    It is buried below the ground.

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [pət]
  • (file)
  • Homophones: пот

Preposition[edit]

под (pod)

  1. (with accusative case)
    under (movement to beneath)
    towards, to
    about, on the eve of (time)
    in imitation of, à la
    for, suitable as
  2. (with instrumental case)
    under, below, beneath (location)
    near, by
    used for

Usage notes[edit]

  • подо (podo) is used before words with certain awkward consonant clusters such as мн- (mn-), вс- (vs-), and сн- (sn-).

Noun[edit]

под (podm inan (genitive по́да, nominative plural поды́, genitive plural подо́в)

  1. (dated, rare) hearth, hearthstone
  2. (dated, rare) floor

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

по̏д m (Latin spelling pȍd)

  1. floor
    пасти на подto fall to the floor
  2. ground
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по̏д (Latin spelling pȍd)

  1. (+ accusative case) under, beneath (with change of position, answering the question ку̀да)
    с(ј)ела је под стаблоshe sat under the tree
    пао је под влакhe fell under the train
  2. (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (stationary, answering the question гдје̏/где̏)
    она с(ј)еди под стабломshe is sitting under the tree
    под сунцемunder the sun
  3. (+ instrumental case) under, beneath (being in a particular condition)
    бити под сумњомto be under suspicion
    бити под притискомto be under pressure
    бити под дојмомto be under impression
    под оружјемunder arms
    бити под надзоромto be under supervision/surveillance
    бити под нечијом заштитомto be under someone's protection
    бити под нагласкомto be accented (stressed), to be under the accent (stress)
    писати под псеудонимомto write under the pen name, pseudonymously
    бити под заклетвомto be under oath
  4. (+ accusative case) near, toward, in (temporal, with nouns denoting a final temporal segment)
    под јесенtoward fall
    под крајnear the end
    под старостin one's old age
  5. (+ instrumental case) during (temporal)
    под одморомduring the (school) break
    под паузомduring the (job) break
    под сатомduring the (school) lesson
    под владавиномduring the reign of
  6. (+ accusative case) as, instead of, in lieu of
    покушати продати мркву под ротквуto try selling carrot as radish
  7. miscellaneous idiomatic meanings
    то је под морањеthat is obligatory
    бацити под ногеto reject, throw away
    небу под облакеfar away
    под ув(ј)етом/условом даunder the condition of, on the condition that
    под изговоромunder the pretext
    под Загребомnear Zagreb
    под Велебитомat the foot of Velebit, on the foothills of Velebit
    под коровомcovered/overgrown with weed
    ништа под (милим) богомabsolutely nothing
    под контролом (wитх генитиве)under the control (of)
    под тим(е) мислимby that I mean
    бити под антибиотицимаto be on antibiotics
    под правим кутомperpendicular