под-

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See also: под

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • подо- (podo-) (before certain consonant clusters)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *podъ-; see *podъ for further information.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • под-: IPA(key): [pəd] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • под-: IPA(key): [pət] (before voiceless consonants)
  • по́д-: IPA(key): [ˈpod] (when stressed, before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • по́д-: IPA(key): [ˈpot] (when stressed, before voiceless consonants)

Prefix[edit]

под- (pod-)

  1. (used with verbs) upwards (describing an action of moving from the bottom up)
  2. (used with verbs) closer (describing an action of approaching to an entity)
    • идти́idtí(impf.) to go (by walking)
    • подойти́podojtí(pf.) to walk up to, to approach (by walking)
  3. (used with verbs) adding (describing an action of adding more entity)
    • бавитьbavitʹan archaic causative form of быть that depends on verbal prefixes in contemporary usage
    • подба́витьpodbávitʹ(pf.) to add, replenish
  4. (used with verbs) (describing a meaning that shows a finished action or an obtainment of a result)
  5. (used with verbs) (describing an action of copying or following someone's action)
  6. (used with verbs) (describing an existence of the certain action that is weak, invisible, hidden or incomplete)

Prefix[edit]

под- (pod-)

  1. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns or adjectives; describing an existence of being under or beneath something)
  2. (used with nouns) sub
  3. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns or adjectives; describing an influence under something)
  4. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns or adjectives; describing an existence of being around something)
  5. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns; describing a title or position below the superior)
  6. (used with adjectives) (adverbs; describing completeness)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the meaning of closer, only use под- when the subject is in the sight range of the object of interest, and then moves even closer towards it.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]