под-

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See also: под

Russian[edit]

Prefix[edit]

под- ‎(pod-) (подо- ‎(podo-) is used before certain consonant clusters)

  1. (used with verbs) upwards (describing an action of moving from the bottom up)
  2. (used with verbs) closer (describing an action of approaching to an entity)
    • идти́‎ ― idtí(impf.) to go (by walking)
    • подойти́‎ ― podojtí(pf.) to walk up to, to approach (by walking)
  3. (used with verbs) adding (describing an action of adding more entity)
    • бавить‎ ― bavitʹ ― an archaic causative form of быть that depends on verbal prefixes in contemporary usage
    • подба́вить‎ ― podbávitʹ(pf.) to add, replenish
  4. (used with verbs) (describing a meaning that shows a finished action or an obtainment of a result)
  5. (used with verbs) (describing an action of copying or following someone's action)
  6. (used with verbs) (describing an existence of the certain action that is weak, invisible, hidden or incomplete)

Prefix[edit]

под- ‎(pod-) (подо- ‎(podo-) is used before certain consonant clusters)

  1. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns or adjectives; describing an existence of being under or beneath something)
  2. (used with nouns) sub
  3. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns or adjectives; describing an influence under something)
  4. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns or adjectives; describing an existence of being around something)
  5. (used with nouns) (resulting in nouns; describing an title or position below the superior)
  6. (used with adjectives) (adverbs; describing completeness)

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the meaning of closer, only use под- when the subject is in the sight range of the object of interest, and then moves even closer towards it.

Antonyms[edit]